Sociology - Functionalist views on education

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What do Functionalist approahces highlight?
Role allocation, secondary socialisation and teaching the skills needed for economic growth and is largely based upon the concept of meritocracy
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What is the concept of meritocracy?
Those who develop their skills and workd hard are rewarded regardless of social background - achieved status not ascribed
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What did Durkheim say?
Value consensus - one of the main functions of society is to socialise children into norms and values and stressed the chief role of education should be to encourage children in a sense of social solidarity - a feeling of identification within the gr
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What is the first being Durkheim discovered?
Individual being which is made up of all the mental states which applies to only ourselves and the events in our personal life
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What is the second being Durkheim discovered?
The social being which is religious beliefs, moral beliefs + practicies, occupational traditions and collective opinions of every kind
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What did Hargreaves say?
Broadly endorsed Durkheim's idea that education should proote solidarity.
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What is one of the groupsthat Hargreaves identified that compromise the majority of comprehensive school pupils?
Those who work without enthusiasm for the subjects/school + merely gain qualifications that they know they need
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What is the second one?
Indifferent students - Those who scarecly work at all - They're bored but too passive to cause real trouble - they enjoy anomie
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What is anomie?
A lack of commitment that is likely to continue throughout their adult life
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Why do these two reasons make it difficult to maitain social solidarity advocated by Durkheim?
The large number of comprehensive schools and schools accomodate for students varying abilities by teaching them in different groups and a potential source of community identity
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What did Parsons say about sociolisation?
Family is the primary agent of socialisation, in the family we are judged in terms of pluralistic terms because we gain ascribed status in the family
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How does Parsons say we are judged in an advaced industral society?
Achieved status and universalistic vaues - schools prepared us for this.Status is achieved through exams and conduct is measured against the universal school rules
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How does Parsons say school operates on meritocratic principles?
Everyone at chool is treated the same so everyone has the same chance to succeed (equality of opportunity) and those that do, do so on their own merit
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Why is meritocracy good?
It ensures the best people fill th emost important jobs so it benefits society as a whole
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What did Davis and Moore say?
Social stratification ensures that the most talented people fulfip the most functionally important positions in society. Education sifts and sorts in terms of ability which is reward in exam success - rewarded with economic awards
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Card 2

Front

What is the concept of meritocracy?

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Those who develop their skills and workd hard are rewarded regardless of social background - achieved status not ascribed

Card 3

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What did Durkheim say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the first being Durkheim discovered?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What is the second being Durkheim discovered?

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