Sociology - Role of Eduation

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What are the 5 concepts of functionalist sociology?
Organic analogy; Value consensus; Collective Conscience; Social Solidarity; Functional Prerequisites.
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What are the 2 main functions of education according to Durkheim?
Creating social solidarity & teaching specialist skills.
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What did Parsons say?
Education bridges the gap between home & the wider society by teaching new attitudes and expectations, creating universalistic values and an achieved status.
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What did Davis & Moore say?
Education acts as a sieve, sorting people into their roles in society; Some gain higher than others so inequality is inevitable.
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What did Blau & Duncan say?
A modern economy depends for its prosperity on its human capital (worker's skills); Meritocracy does this best by allocating people the job best suited to their abilities.
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What is meritocracy?
The social system that states that everyone has equal opportunities to succeed through their own efforts.
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What do New Right sociologists believe?
The state cannot meet people's needs & people are best left to meet their own needs through the free market (marketisation of education); State takes a 'one size fits all' approach.
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What did Chubb & Moe discover?
Pupils from low-income families do 5% better in private schools, so state education is not meritocratic.
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What does Gewirtz argue?
She argues that competition between schools benefits the middle-class, who can get their children into more desirable schools.
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What did Althusser say?
The ideological state apparatus transmits capitalist beliefs to maintain the rule of the bourgeoisie by controlling people's ideas, values & beliefs.
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What did Bowles & Gintis discover?
Education reproduces an obedient workforce, accepting inequality; Independent & creative students = low grades, Compliant & obedient students = high grades.
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Explain the correspondence principle & give 2 examples.
This implies that the school corresponds to the workforce (e.g. rules, hierarchy, punctuality, fragmentation, rewards, etc).
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What did Willis discover?
12 working-class 'lads' discovered a counter-school culture & focused on 'having a laff' as they had penetrations through the education system.
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Card 2

Front

What are the 2 main functions of education according to Durkheim?

Back

Creating social solidarity & teaching specialist skills.

Card 3

Front

What did Parsons say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Davis & Moore say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Blau & Duncan say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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