SOCIOLOGY - Demography

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birth rate
number of live births/1000 of population/year
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trends of birth rate
long term decline in live births: 1900=30, 2014=12 (apart from baby booms)
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reasons for decline in birth rate
changes in women's position, decline in IMR, children = economic liability, child centredness
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fertility rate
average number of children women will have during fertile years (15-44)
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trends of fertility rate
peak in 1964=3/woman 2014=2/woman
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replacement fertility rate
where women give birth to enough children to sustain the population levels
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trends in family size
2014=2, lone parents=1, UK has higher % of 3< than 3/4 of EU countries
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trends in age of parenthood
1970=26, 2013=30, older fathers than mothers
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dependency ratio
relationship between size of working population and non-working population
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trends in dependency ratio
fall in number of children reduces burden of dependency on working people BUT fewer babies will lead to smaller working population
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infant mortality rate
number of children who die before first birthday/1000/year
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trends in infant mortality rate
1900=15% 2014=0.5%
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death rate
number of deaths/thousand of population/year
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trends in death rate
1900=19, 2004=9
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trends in life expectancy
1900=55, 2014=80
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age distribution
average age of population
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trends in age distribution
1970=35, 2014=40
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immigration
movement of people into a country w/out citizenship
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emigration
leaving resident country to settle elsewhere
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net migration
difference of immigrants and emigrants/1000 inhabitants
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trends in net migration
2015=330'000 (record high)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

trends of birth rate

Back

long term decline in live births: 1900=30, 2014=12 (apart from baby booms)

Card 3

Front

reasons for decline in birth rate

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

fertility rate

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

trends of fertility rate

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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