Sociology- Beliefs in Society- Key Words

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  • Created by: wik1498
  • Created on: 20-11-15 11:16
Definition of religion- Substantive
(Exclusive) Focuses on content of religious belief, such as a belief in God
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Definition of religion- Functional
(Inclusive) Focuses on what the religion does for people, for example, it gives theodicy of disprivilege
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Definition of religion- Social constructionist
(Individualistic) Focuses on what religion means to each individual person
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Dysfunction
When the consequences of a social institution get in the way of the workings of another institution
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Functional prerequisites
The basic needs that must be met if society is to survive
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Social solidarity
Social unity which results from bonds that draw members of society together
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Value consensus
Agreement about what is considered to be accepted behaviour in a given society
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Civil religion
Events that involve ritualistic patterns and are usually associated with established religions
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Toteism
Primitive religion which involves the worship of certain objects
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Conservative force
When religion acts as a defence of traditional values or is used to defend social arrangements as they are.
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Collective consciousness
Shared beliefs and values which direct and control behavior and contribute to social solidarity.
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Core values
The central values of society
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Anomie
A state of chaos, absence or breakdown of social values and norms.
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Superstructure
All aspects of society not to do with production e.g. education and religion
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Infrastructure
A political or social system that has developed from a simpler system (e.g. Communism)
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Exploitaion
To put down and subdue
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Oppression
Any form of unfair abuse
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Bourgeoisie
Those who own the means of production
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Proletariat
Those who have to sell their labour in order to earn a living
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False consciousness
Seeing the world in terms of ideology which presents a false picture of reality
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Spiritual gin
Term used by Lenin in which religion is seen as a form of escapism which blinds people's awareness to the reality around them
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Opium of the people
Term used by Marx to describe the way religion is used by the working class to numb the pain of their exploitation
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Ideological state apparatus
Agencies of the state which serve to spread the dominant ideology (superstructure, e.g. education)
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Social control
Methods used to persuade or force individuals to conform to the dominant social norms and values
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Ethnocentrism
A set of beliefs and values based on the view that some cultures are superior
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Differential socialisation
When males and females are taught different norms and values according to their biological differences
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Patriarchal ideology
Ideas that support and justify male domination of society
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Liberating
To be realised from oppressive behaviour
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

(Inclusive) Focuses on what the religion does for people, for example, it gives theodicy of disprivilege

Back

Definition of religion- Functional

Card 3

Front

(Individualistic) Focuses on what religion means to each individual person

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When the consequences of a social institution get in the way of the workings of another institution

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The basic needs that must be met if society is to survive

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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