sociology

what is chivalry thesis?
this states that women are treated more leniently than men by the criminal justice system.
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what is crime?
an action or omission which constitutes an offence and is punishable by law.
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what is deviance?
the fact or state of diverging from usual or accepted standards, especially in social or sexual behaviour.
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what is feminism?
the advocacy of women's rights on the ground of the equality of the sexes.
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what is marxism?
the political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, later developed by their followers to form the basis of communism.
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what is functionalism?
the theory that all aspects of a society serve a function and are necessary for the survival of that society.
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what is interactionalism?
the theory that society is a product of the everyday social interactions among millions of people.
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what is new right?
a political movement made up especially of Protestants, opposed especially to secular humanism, and concerned with issues especially of church and state, patriotism, laissez-faire economics, ***********, and abortion.
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what is labelling theory?
Labeling theory is the theory of how the self-identity and behavior of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them.
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what is strain theory?
The theory states that society puts pressure on individuals to achieve socially accepted goals (such as the Nepali dreams), though they lack the means.
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what are norms?
something that is usual, typical, or standard.
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what is a scapegoat?
a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings, mistakes, or faults of others, especially for reasons of expediency.
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what is status frustration?
used to explain working-class male delinquency as being a reaction formation towards middle-class values of success, as embodied in the school.
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what is socialisation?
the process of internalizing the norms and ideologies of society.
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what is white collar crime?
White-collar crime refers to financially motivated, nonviolent crime committed by business and government professionals.
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what are the bourgeosie?
(in Marxist contexts) the capitalist class who own most of society's wealth and means of production.
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what are the proletariat
working-class people regarded collectively (often used with reference to Marxism).
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what is ascribed status?
Ascribed status is the social status a person is assigned at birth or assumed involuntarily later in life.
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what is achieves status?
Achieved status is a concept developed by the anthropologist Ralph Linton denoting a social position that a person can acquire on the basis of merit.
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what is communism?
a theory or system of social organization in which all property is owned by the community and each person contributes and receives according to their ability and needs.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what is crime?

Back

an action or omission which constitutes an offence and is punishable by law.

Card 3

Front

what is deviance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is feminism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is marxism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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