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out of school material factor - strand
found chinese and indian pupils do better due to high parental expectations
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out of school cultural factor - bernstein
elaborated and restricted code applied to ethnic minorities
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out of school cultural factor- ball
ethnic minority parents are at a disadvantage at getting their children into better schools due to language skills/ lack of knowledge about the education system in britian.
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out of school cultural factor- bourdieu
possessing norms and values of mainstream white culture gives an inbuilt advantage
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in school factors- wright
teachers gave asian girls less attention as they seemed to be submissive, told afro- carribean boys off a lot
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in school factors- driver and ballard
parental background affects acheivement, asians have high expectations, afro carribbean familes more likely to suffer from material deprivation
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in school factor- coard
found that black students are made to feel inferior, and there was little or no positive recognition about their culture.
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in school factor, interactionalism, labelling- gillborn and youdell
found that teachers put black working class students into foundation level and white middle class into higher exam even if they where of same level of ability.
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in school factor, interactionalism, labelling - sewell and o' donnell and sharpe
black males form a masculine identity, which gains them respect, educational success is seen as feminine, educational failure is a badge of honour- regaining their status from their failure in education
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material factors
this refers to economic and financial factors which can have an impact on achievement. the ability to buy and have the things necessary to do well.
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cultural factors
this refers to the values and norms of different classes and how they help or hinder educational achievement. this includes attitudes towards education.
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material deprivation- smith and noble
barrier to learning- additional hidden costs, uniform, dinner, travel, books, equipment, trips, too expensive for some
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material deprivation - reay et al
found that only 32% of working class students were considering travelling to a good uni because of financial reasons, 70% of middle class students had decided to travel further for better education
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out of school cultural factor - bernstein

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elaborated and restricted code applied to ethnic minorities

Card 3

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out of school cultural factor- ball

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Card 4

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out of school cultural factor- bourdieu

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Card 5

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in school factors- wright

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