Sociologists Education

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Bourdieu (Class differences)
He recognises that there are three types of capital: cultural, economic and educational
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Sulivan (Class differences)
Tested Bourdieu's ideas by using a questionnaire. She found that the pupils with the greatest cultural capital were likely to be successful at GCSE and widely middle-class
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Gewirtz (Class differences)
Found that differences in economic and cultural capital lead to class differences in how far parents can choose secondary schools: privileged-skilled choosers, disconnected-local choosers and semi-skilled choosers
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Becker (Class differences)
Teachers do not usually see working-class children as ideal pupils
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Lacey (Class differences)
Identifies two concepts: Differentiation and Polarisation
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Ball (Class differences)
Studied a school that abolished streaming and found that the basis for pupils to polarise into subcultures was removed, however teachers continued to categorise children differently
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Gillborn and Youdell (Class differences)
Use the term 'A-to-C economy' and the 'Educational Triage'
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Driver (Ethnic differences)
Criticises cultural deprivation theory for ignoring the positive effects of ethnicity on achievement
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Rex (Ethnic differences)
Found that minorities are more likely to be forced into substandard accommodation than white people of the same class
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Gillborn and Youdell (Ethnic differences)
Argue that black children are disciplined quicker than others for the same behaviour was becomes teachers had 'radicalised expectations'
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Fuller and Mac an Ghaill (Ethnic differences)
Studied a group of black girls who were high achievers in a school where most black girls were placed in low streams. The study showed how the girls channelled their anger about being labelled into being successful
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Mirza (Ethnic differences)
Studied a group of black girls who failed to achieve their ambitions due to teacher racism, as the teachers discouraged their pupils. She identifies the types of teacher racism: the colour-blind, the liberal chauvinists and the overt racists
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Ball (Ethnic differences)
Criticises the National Curriculum for ignoring cultural and ethnic diversity by ignoring the history of black and Asian people
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Gillborn (Ethnic Differences)
Argues that marketisation has given schools greater scope to select pupils, giving some ethnic minorities at a disadvantage
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Durkheim (The role of education)
Identifies two main functions of education: creating social solidarity and teaching specialist skills
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Parsons (The role of education)
Sees the school as the 'focal socialising agency', acting as a bridge between the family and wider society. Parsons also believes that school prepares us because school and society are both based on meritocratic principles
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Davis and Moore (The role of education)
See education as a device for selection and role allocation, but they focus on the relationship between education and social inequality. They argue that not everybody is equally talented, encouraging competition
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Wrong (The role of education)
Argues that functionalists have an 'over-socialised' view of people ads mere puppets of society
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Chubb and Moe (The role of education)
Argue that American state education has failed. They state that it was due to the inability for school to be answerable to the consumers (parents)
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Althusser (The role of education)
Says that the state consists of elements that serve to keep the bourgeoisie in power: the repressive state apparatuses and the ideological state apparatuses (which school fell under)
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Bowles and Gintis (The role of education)
Argue that capitalism requires a workforce with the kind of attitudes suited to their role as exploited workers. They believe that the education system does this, and reproduces these kind of workers through the hidden curriculum
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Card 2

Front

Tested Bourdieu's ideas by using a questionnaire. She found that the pupils with the greatest cultural capital were likely to be successful at GCSE and widely middle-class

Back

Sulivan (Class differences)

Card 3

Front

Found that differences in economic and cultural capital lead to class differences in how far parents can choose secondary schools: privileged-skilled choosers, disconnected-local choosers and semi-skilled choosers

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Teachers do not usually see working-class children as ideal pupils

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Identifies two concepts: Differentiation and Polarisation

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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