Sociological Theories

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  • Created by: Jacob213
  • Created on: 16-04-18 15:02
What is the marxist theory of crime?
Marxists believe that capitalism forces people to commit crime.
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What is the neo-marxist theory of crime?
Neo-marxists believe that capitalism make people choose to commit crime.
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What is Gordon's theory? (Marxism)
He believed that capitalist societies are 'Dog eat Dog' societies as people are encouraged to look out for their own interests.
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What did Gordon believe that effect Capitalism had on class?
Capitalism causes class inequalities in: Wealth, Income, Poverty, Unemployment and Homelessness.
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What was Box's theory? (Marxism)
The ruling class have the power to block laws that aren't in the their interests. Marxists therefore believe the CJS is selective and biased.
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What was Bonger's theory? (Neo-Marxism)
There was a link between crime and economic and social conditions. The poor commit crime out of need or injustice.
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What is functionalism?
Views crime as promoting social solidarity and stability.
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What is Merton's strain theory?
Merton said the goals were not obtainable by all so people innovated to reach those goals.
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When does strain occur?
When faced with gaps between goals and status.
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What is conformity?
When someone pursues the cultural goals through socially approved means.
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What is innovation in terms of Strain theory?
To reject both cultural goals and the means to obtain it, then find a way to escape it.
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What is ritualism in terms of Strain theory?
When there some socially approved means to achieve less elusive goals.
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What is retreatism in terms of Strain theory?
Using the same socially approved means and achieve less elusive goals.
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What is rebellion in terms of Strain theory?
To reject both cultural goals and means then work to replace them.
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What was Durkheim's theory of crime?
Crime is inevitable. It is normal and functional.It helps to create social solidarity.
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Durkheim came up with the term 'Anomie' to describe what?
The imbalance between cultural goals and institutionalized means
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How is crime inevitable?
It's impossible for everyone to be committed to our society.
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How is crime functional?
Crime helps the bonds of society as people are drawn together by horrific crimes.
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How is crime normal?
There are no societies where there is no crime.
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Why did Hirschi come up with the "bonds of attachment" theory?
Hirschi argued that we needed to understand what forces conformity for most people, why people didn't commit crime.
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What is attachment in the bonds of attachment theory?
The extent of which we care about other people's opinions and desires.
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What is commitment in the bonds of attachment theory?
The personal investment we put into our lives. What do we have to lose if we turn to crime and get caught.
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What is involvement in the bonds of attachment theory?
How integrated are we so that we neither have the time nor inclination to behave in a deviant/criminal way.
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What is belief in the bonds of attachment theory?
How committed are individuals to societies rules and laws.
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What is the labeling theory?
When a person is labelled as 'deviant' it leads to the person engaging in deviant behaviors.
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What is Becker's theory?
That social groups create deviance by making rules whose infraction constitutes deviance and by applying those rules to particular and labeling them as deviant.
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What does left realism focus on?
Focus on the organisation of society, believe that is society that leads to people committing crime.
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What does right realism focus on?
Focus on the individual. Believe that is the individual that is responsible for committing crimes
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Card 2

Front

What is the neo-marxist theory of crime?

Back

Neo-marxists believe that capitalism make people choose to commit crime.

Card 3

Front

What is Gordon's theory? (Marxism)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Gordon believe that effect Capitalism had on class?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was Box's theory? (Marxism)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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