Functionalism on Youth Cultures

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  • Created by: doraga
  • Created on: 03-02-16 10:10
Functionalism
if something exists in a society, it must have a purpose to serve; youth is a transition
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Eisenstadt
1. Youth culture binds young people in a society; youth cultures provide support in-between the members of the peer group when they are stressed
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Eisenstadt
2.Young people need to distinguish themselves from their parents; ascribed position (being someone's child) and achieved position (being an adult on their own). Youth cultures exist to make this transition from childhood to adulthood.
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Parsons
Youth culture provides a bridge between childhood and adulthood; the rite of passage
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Rite of passage
Young people move from their secure life (family) to the competitive adult life (work and responsibilities). The role of youth cultures is to 'smooth' this path by providing a link between the values of home (childhood) and work (adulthood).
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Rozsak
A new division in society emerged between young people and older people; a generation gap.
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Murdoch & McCron
Youth culture was a generation itself.
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Criticisms of Functionalism
1. It ignores the clear difference between different youth subcultures. Also gender and ethnicity.
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Criticisms of Functionalism
2. Marxists argue that these differences are class based and should therefore not be ignored.
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Criticisms of Functionalism
3. They are describing other people like themselves; white, middle-class Americans.
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Criticisms of Functionalism
4. Functionalists focus on age. Thus, they are ignoring the fact that youth is a state of mind that can occur from one's early teens to their 20's.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1. Youth culture binds young people in a society; youth cultures provide support in-between the members of the peer group when they are stressed

Back

Eisenstadt

Card 3

Front

2.Young people need to distinguish themselves from their parents; ascribed position (being someone's child) and achieved position (being an adult on their own). Youth cultures exist to make this transition from childhood to adulthood.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Youth culture provides a bridge between childhood and adulthood; the rite of passage

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Young people move from their secure life (family) to the competitive adult life (work and responsibilities). The role of youth cultures is to 'smooth' this path by providing a link between the values of home (childhood) and work (adulthood).

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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