sociolgy - work

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what is the difference between Formal and Informal economy?
Formal economy is when you are offically employed and Informal economy is when you are not offically employed and are not covered by employment laws or rarely pay tax
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list three thing that is involved in Informal Economy.
HIdden economy ( work done cash in hand) Domestic Economy ( DIY, unpaid housework) and Communal Economy ( voluntaruy work)
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what is the occupational stucture?
Primary sector - fishing, mining, Secondary sector - manufacturing goods such as furniture, Tertiary sector - teaching, hair dressing
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what is the marxist view on work?
that bossis put profit over the health of workers. however, health and safety laws and the working time directive have improved working conditions in britian
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5 ways in which work can effect your physical and mental health
risk of accidents (construction), some job risks of physical attack (police), toxic substances (minors), may lead to unhealthy lifestyles (lack of fitness), may have high stress levels and long hours
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4 ways in which the work can have an impact on the family.
long hours can affect lesuire time with family, effects the family status, some jobs sepreate family members for a lond period of time.
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5 reasons why people work
Intrinstic satisfaction (you love the job), Extrinsic job satisfaction ( work for money), Social contacts, Status and identity, and learning new skills.
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what does having no sense of self estrangement mean?
not being able to be who you want to be, or are
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who is it that argues that bosses oer only focused on making as much money as possible?
karl marx - proletariat are exploited by the bourgeoisie
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what are 6 causes of unemployment?
Economic cycle - recessions. New tech, tech advances and take over jobs, Industrial decline (do not want the service/product anymore. Growing of labour force (not enough jobs to go around) Frictional unemployment (people between jobs. Seasonal unempl
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why is there more people looking for jobs now?
more women at work and increase in retirement age
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give reasons why certin groups of people are more likely to be unemployed
Working class (jobs affected by mechanisation), Men (declining in manufaturing industries), Non white groups (racisum), Young and older peopel (lack of skills, need reskilling
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what are three technologie changes in the work place and give defintions
mechanisation-use of machines to carry out work. Automation-the use of automatic machinery. Computerisation- electric machines capable of storing and processing info
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what are two changing patterns of work?
Teleworking - new technology has made is possible for people to work from home. Flexible working - workers have some choice on when they work
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a disadvantage of Teleworking
miss out on social interaction and less likely to get promotions as they arent visible
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a advantage of teleworking?
good for families and they are home more often
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what is globalistion?
the idea that the world is getting smaller due to advances in travle and communication.
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what is one good thing and one bad thing about globalisation?
provide jobs in poorer countries however in poorer countries they dont have stict working laws
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what do the fair trade do?
ensure that workers around the world are treated equally
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4 reasons why women work more now
more part-time jobs, equal opportunities (equal pay act), fewer births, changing attitudes due to feminsim
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three reasons why women earn less then men
more likely to work part time, horizontal segregation - women and men do different jobs (women more of the lower pay jobs) and vertical segregation-men are more likely to be in senior position (glass ceiling)
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what stops you from dicriminating because of ethnicity?
Race relations Act and the Equaliy act
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what stops you from dicriminating because of age?
age discrimination act
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who is it that argues that we live in a meritocracy, people get jobs because the are most able
Functionalist
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what do the trade unions do?
give worker more power as they are united. it it meant to prevent workers being exploited. they also put pressure on goverments to introduce laws to benifit workers
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what are 4 industrial actions?
strikes, work to rule-continue to work but stick ridigly to the rules, sit-it workers take over the work place and refuse to leave, informal conflict-includes sabotage
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

list three thing that is involved in Informal Economy.

Back

HIdden economy ( work done cash in hand) Domestic Economy ( DIY, unpaid housework) and Communal Economy ( voluntaruy work)

Card 3

Front

what is the occupational stucture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is the marxist view on work?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

5 ways in which work can effect your physical and mental health

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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