Society under Stalin

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Define totalitarianism
a form of government in which all areas of life are brought under government control, demands enthusiasm and commitment from all citizens
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What was the komsomol?
the soviet youth organisation, it reinforces Stalinist ideals, and teaches traditional respect and to work hard
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What changes were made to education?
a new curriculum was introduced with emphasis on literacy and numeracy, history became nationalistic instead of communist, strict discipline was introduced, fees were introduced
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What changes were made to religion?
attacks on the church continue and only 1/40 were still open by the end of the 1930s, communists were atheist
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What did Stalin say that art should reflect?
"government opinion rather than individual creativity"
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What was the role of the All-Union of Workers in Representation?
to set targets for artwork production and dictated the subject matter
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What is Socialist Realism?
an art movement that promotes totalitarian ideals, idealises communism
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The Lenin Cult
Lenin was worshipped religiously, idolised as the 'saviour of the country'
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How did Stalin take advantage of the Lenin Cult?
He aligned himself with Lenin's prestige, and portrayed himself as the protegee of Lenin
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What is the most likely explanation for the cult of personality?
The economic and political landscape of USSR in the 30s was disrupting and disorientating, Stalins image was a reassurance
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How did artwork portray Stalin?
they stressed his humanity and active participation in the lives of ordinary people, his relationship with children was greatly emphasised
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Why did the way Stalin was portrayed change towards the end of the 1930s?
WWII - the world was gearing up for war, so Stalin was portrayed as a momentous leader that would lead USSR to victory
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Why was history reinterpreted?
To give Stalin a more important role in the October Revolution and Civil War, photos were doctored to exaggerate Stalin's relationship with Lenin
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What was the result of the cult of personality?
Stalin is associated with success and happiness, instead people placed their hardship on the shoulders of regional leaders
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Why were the Komsomol and the new disciplined education system important?
Because they taught children how to be hard-working workers and devout communists
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In what ways did women under Stalin's society have greater freedom?
40% of the workforce was female
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In what ways did women under Stalins society have more restricted freedom?
marriage was re-emphasised, the tradition of family was reestablished, women were paid 40% less than men, abortion was discouraged, they were still responsible for housework and childcare
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In what year was the curriculum changed by the Central Committee?
1935
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How was religion treated in Stalin's society?
attacks on the church continued
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the komsomol?

Back

the soviet youth organisation, it reinforces Stalinist ideals, and teaches traditional respect and to work hard

Card 3

Front

What changes were made to education?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What changes were made to religion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Stalin say that art should reflect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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