Society in the 1970s - race + immigration

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what did conservative party pass in 1971 regarding race relations?
passed Immigration Act – 1971 – needed to have guaranteed job + at least 1 grandparent born in Britain
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how many new commonwealth immigrants came to Britain in 1974?
+1 million - they all tended to settle in same areas BUT political representation still limited – London Borough Council elections only 10 non-white councilors were elected, increased to 35 (1978) BUT still small no.
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what did labour do regarding race relations in 1976?
Labour = more tolerant of immigration - passed another race relations act to tackle discrimination - outlawed discrimination where it was hidden
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who were the national front?
(political party to oppose non-white immigration) popularity grew – 20,000 members – 1976
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who was particularly attracted from National front?
Some Skin Heads - attacked people from ethnic backgrounds, called ‘****-bashing’
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what impact did the growth of National Front party have on main political parties?
Tories announced toughening up immigration policy to limit no. coming into Brit
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Strategy of National Front?
hold violent marches in areas with high immigrants lived – over 100 incidences including 2 murders between 1976-78.
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who were the Anti-Nazi League ?
1997 pressure group set up - against national front
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who particular protested against racist attitudes?
Rock Against Racism - 1976 as a reaction to comments made by rock guitarist Eric Clapton in support of Enoch Powell. A demonstration in concert held in Trafalgar Square in April 1978 – attracted 100,000 people
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what were the suspicions on police attitude?
Death of Blaire Peach – teacher + supported of Anti-Nazi League – 1979 – alleged that he was struck on the head by a police truncheon – Met Police admitted this in 2010
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multiculturalism in 1970s?
people started to follow multi-culturalism which sought to recognise + respect the different cultures of different ethnicities equally - progress in race relations. e.g. black footballers became increasingly common as people became more open-minded
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racism in football?
football terraces also scenes of racism – thrown banana skins at black football players
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Public opinion towards immigration?
Thatcher received hundreds of letters in support of Conservatives views against immigration. Public attitudes - Controversial– 1976 - only 70 out of 22,000 police officers with black/ethnic background.
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thatcher's view on immigration?
against immigration - Complained that too many Asian immigrants were being allowed into Britain. o Reacted negatively to suggestion that thousands of Vietnamese refugees should be welcome – said too many people coming into country.
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Card 2

Front

how many new commonwealth immigrants came to Britain in 1974?

Back

+1 million - they all tended to settle in same areas BUT political representation still limited – London Borough Council elections only 10 non-white councilors were elected, increased to 35 (1978) BUT still small no.

Card 3

Front

what did labour do regarding race relations in 1976?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

who were the national front?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

who was particularly attracted from National front?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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