Social psychological theories of aggression

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  • Created by: millie
  • Created on: 06-06-15 18:04
What is deindividuation?
A psychological state in which individuals do not feel the moral/social pressures of doing something bad & feel removal of identity thus an increase in anonymity
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Why is aggression more likely to be shown when someone is in a state of deindividuation?
Aggression is more likely because individuals aren't worried about how others will judge them and they become more impulsive
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Where can deindividuation occur?
Within crowds and groups of people like gangs
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Who provides support for the social psychological theory of deindividuation?
Zimbardo
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What did Zimbardo do in his Stanford Prison Study?
Made coridoor in a university prison-like, pps. were students, given the role of prisoner or guard, guards were given uniform and dark mirrored sunglasses
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What did Zimbardo find in his Stanford Prison Study?
Although guards were not asked to be extremely aggressive & violent, they acted this way & sometimes humiliated prisoners
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What did Zimbardo conclude from his Stanford Prison Study?
The uniform given to the 'prison guard' participants increased anonymity as it removed individual identity. Led to deindividuated state, increasing aggressiveness
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What is an issue with the deindividuation theory of aggression?
Gender Bias- it has been found m & f respond different to deindividuation conditions.Increased aggression only found in all-male groups.Diener et al. found males had greater disinhibition of aggression in deindividuation conditions than females
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What do Diener et al.'s (1973) findings show?
Deindividuation impacts genders in different ways therefore demonstrates a gender bias in deindividuation theory
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What is another social psychological theory of aggression other than deindividuation?
Social Learning Theory (SLT)
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What does Social Learning Theory suggest?
People learn aggressive behaviours by viewing consequences of others via vicarious reinforcement
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What is vicarious reinforcement and when is it most likely to happen?
Learning aggressive behaviour not through direct exp. but by viewing other people's behaviour being reinforced. Most likely to happen when viewer is paying attention, has something in common with model, sees positive outcome for behaviour
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Who provides support for SLT as a social psychological theory of aggression?
Bandura
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What did Bandura do in his Bobo Doll study?
Child pps. watched adult either being aggressive with Bobo doll or not being aggressive. Children then put into room with other toys and a Bobo doll present
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What did Bandura find in his Bobo Doll study?
Children who had seen adults behaving aggressively towards Bobo doll were also aggressive towards doll, imitating aggressive actions they had seen. Other group who saw non-aggressive adult did not show aggressive behaviours shown by other group
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What do Bandura's findings show?
When someone pays attention to aggressive behaviour like SLT had said, it is likely to be imitated by that person so shows support for SLT.
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What is a problem with Bandura's Bobo Doll study?
Demand characteristics -another psychologist noticed during study child pointing out to parent "look mummy,there's the doll we're supposed to hit".Suggests some children may have believed the way the adult acted was how they were meant to act
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Continuing from demand characteristics of Bobo Doll study...
Tells us there's high possibility some children were not aiming to show aggressiveness but to do what they thought was being asked of them in study. Therefore shows demand characteristic involved which affects validity of findings
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Why is aggression more likely to be shown when someone is in a state of deindividuation?

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Aggression is more likely because individuals aren't worried about how others will judge them and they become more impulsive

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Where can deindividuation occur?

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Who provides support for the social psychological theory of deindividuation?

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What did Zimbardo do in his Stanford Prison Study?

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