Social Psychological Theories of Aggression

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  • Created by: Shibby7
  • Created on: 01-05-15 23:46
Social Learning Theory A01
- Suggests individual learns through observational learning. - Pay attention to and memorise a behaviour from a model. - Self-efficacy. - Vicariously reinforced by seeing a reward. - Theory relies on direct experience
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SLT - Research Evidence (Bandura 1)
Bandura - Kids watched adult be aggressive to bobo doll, children then imitated the same aggressive acts. Control group didn't show any aggression.
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SLT - Research Evidence (Bandura 2)
Group 1 saw reward, group 2 saw punishment and group 3 saw no consequences. Punishment group imitated less aggression. If all children were offered a reward they displayed aggression
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Evaluation of both Bandura studies
(-) Only showed video so influence my fluctuate. (-) demand characteristics. (-) Could be using the doll for its purpose. (-) Lacks ecological validity as its a doll. (+) Shows aggression was learnt by observation
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IDA's
Pure Nature- Ignore role of biology (Flanagan suggests hormone levels in women suffering from PMT have been used as a defence in criminal trials). Cultural differences - Amish exhibit little/ no aggression. Ethical - kids aggressive long term
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De-individuation A01
- antisocial behaviour caused by loss of socialised individual identity. - Easily identified = refrain from aggression. - Crowds lead to less restraints. Public-self awareness - anonymous to others. Private-self awareness - less self-aware. big group
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De-individuation - Research Evidence (Zimbardo)
Female students told to deliver shocks. Condition 1 - De-individuated, condition 2 - Individuated. De-individuated group have twice as many shocks.
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De-individuation - Research Evidence (Mann- baiting crowd)
Analysed 21 suicide incidents in USA where crowd had gathered and baiting had occurred. Critical factors: Night time, large crowd, some distance away. These features led to de-individuation which encouraged antisocial behaviour.
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Card 2

Front

SLT - Research Evidence (Bandura 1)

Back

Bandura - Kids watched adult be aggressive to bobo doll, children then imitated the same aggressive acts. Control group didn't show any aggression.

Card 3

Front

SLT - Research Evidence (Bandura 2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Evaluation of both Bandura studies

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

IDA's

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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