Social Learning Theory as an Explanation of Crime

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describe modelling
observe a role model (person in position of power that is typically older) and imitate this exact behaviour
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explain ARRM
attention (watching the action), retention (have capacity to remember how to repeat the behaviour), reproduction (can physically repeat the behaviour), motivation (have a reason to repeat the behaviour)
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types of motivation
self motivation (e.g. exhilaration from stealing a car), vicarious reinforcement (see someone else rewarded for a behaviour), external motivation (get a free car by stealing it)
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reductionist
doesn't take into account other causes of crime e.g. genetic (ignores Raine's research)
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lab experiment data (strength)
lots of it: reliable because clear cause and effect.
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applicability
applicable to preventing recidivism: positive role models in prison settings
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evidence: bandura
children imitated exact aggressive behaviour - evidence for this theory in a reliable piece of research
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doesn't explain
opportunistic crime - crime that hasn't been learnt but that people commit just by chance
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lab experiment data (weakness)
this data typically lacks ecological validity so it cannot be sure that this theory is valid in terms of representing real life behaviour
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explain ARRM

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attention (watching the action), retention (have capacity to remember how to repeat the behaviour), reproduction (can physically repeat the behaviour), motivation (have a reason to repeat the behaviour)

Card 3

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types of motivation

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Card 4

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reductionist

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Card 5

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lab experiment data (strength)

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