social influences into gender - cultural research into gender roles

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What are the two studies for the AO1?
Wood and Eagly + Mead
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What did the Wood and Eagly research find?
across various non-industrialised cultures men contributed more to providing food while women contributed more to child care.
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What did the Mead study find?
different cultures had different approaches to gender roles.
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What were the three tribes studied in the Mead research?
the Arapesh community, the mungudugumor community and the Tchambuli community.
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What were the gender roles demonstrated in the Arapesh community?
the child care was shared equally between the males and females.
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What were the gender roles demonstrated in the Mungudugumor community?
the females showed more masculine traits and more aggressive behaviour.
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What were the gender roles demonstrated in the Tchambuli community?
the men stayed at home when the women went out and worked.
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Why were these pieces of research conducted? (IDA)
they were conducted to provide evidence that the theory is a cultural universal and whether it is impacted by nature as well as nurture.
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What is a key IDA point?
The theory is determinist, it suggests that simply the environment shapes peoples gender roles. for example the women in the Mungudugumor community, it states their behaviour is a result of the men being away a lot = more aggressive behaviour.
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What is one good thing about the studies? (AO3)
they managed to collect extensive data from various cultures which increases the external validity.
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What is one bad thing with the research? (AO3)
they could result in culturally bias results, if the behaviours are misinterpretted and where the data is not analysed objectively.
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Why is there an issue for external reliability? (AO3)
when the results were re-tested they did not give the same results, the results should be similar in order for the research to be considered reliable.
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Why is the research useful? (Wider evaluation)
the research is useful as it shows gender may be more flexible then people percieve it to be.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did the Wood and Eagly research find?

Back

across various non-industrialised cultures men contributed more to providing food while women contributed more to child care.

Card 3

Front

What did the Mead study find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the three tribes studied in the Mead research?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the gender roles demonstrated in the Arapesh community?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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