Social Identity, Self Discrepency, and Regulatory Focus Theory

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1. What does self-discrepancy distinguish between?

  • Negative and positive role modelling
  • The actual, ideal and ought self
  • Our different personality traits
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2. How does a low-achiever evaluate their actions?

  • Against their peers actions, and how they could have achieved better
  • Against their 'ought' self, what they think they should have achieved
  • Against their 'ideal' self, what they think they would ideally have achieved

3. Define 'social identification'

  • A process used by the government and public sector agencies to identify people through DNA
  • The extent to which we identify with certain groups and internalise them as part of our self-concept
  • The terms used by society to tell who people are, for example, 'male' and 'female'

4. Define 'social categorisation'

  • An extreme practice of splitting different social categories into separate areas of the city - e.g. 'Dauntless', 'Abnegation', and 'Erudite'
  • Grouping different identities together, for example: 'blue collar', 'white collar', white, black, Asian etc.
  • Splitting society so that it fits into certain categories

5. What do preventional focused people focus on?

  • Achieving through others' failure, creating negative role modelling of 'cramming' rather than focused revision
  • Achieving a good enough grade, focusing their energy on social and creative tasks that will help their mental health
  • Achieving the highest possible grade, being inspired by positive role models of high achievement and trying to emulate them


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