1. What does self-discrepancy distinguish between?
- Negative and positive role modelling
- The actual, ideal and ought self
- Our different personality traits
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2. How does a low-achiever evaluate their actions?
- Against their peers actions, and how they could have achieved better
- Against their 'ought' self, what they think they should have achieved
- Against their 'ideal' self, what they think they would ideally have achieved
3. Define 'social identification'
- A process used by the government and public sector agencies to identify people through DNA
- The extent to which we identify with certain groups and internalise them as part of our self-concept
- The terms used by society to tell who people are, for example, 'male' and 'female'
4. Define 'social categorisation'
- An extreme practice of splitting different social categories into separate areas of the city - e.g. 'Dauntless', 'Abnegation', and 'Erudite'
- Grouping different identities together, for example: 'blue collar', 'white collar', white, black, Asian etc.
- Splitting society so that it fits into certain categories
5. What do preventional focused people focus on?
- Achieving through others' failure, creating negative role modelling of 'cramming' rather than focused revision
- Achieving a good enough grade, focusing their energy on social and creative tasks that will help their mental health
- Achieving the highest possible grade, being inspired by positive role models of high achievement and trying to emulate them
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