Social Identity, Self Discrepency, and Regulatory Focus Theory

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1. How is discrimination created, according to SIT?

  • Discrimination is created when out-groups threaten the security of the in-group
  • Individuals are more likely to display favouritism when an in-group is central to their self-definition and a given comparison is meaningful.
  • Discrimination is created when our structural, cultural and personal identities cause us to act on our prejudices
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2. Define promotional goals

  • Concerned with delaying difficult or important tasks, instead completing easier ones in an attempt of avoidance
  • Concerned with personal aspiration and accomplishment of set goals, striving to achieve their 'ideal' self
  • Concerned with obligations and personal responsibilities, striving to achieve the 'ought' self

3. What does self-discrepancy distinguish between?

  • The actual, ideal and ought self
  • Our different personality traits
  • Negative and positive role modelling

4. Define preventional goals

  • Concerned with obligations and personal responsibilities, striving to achieve the 'ought' self
  • Concerned with personal aspiration and accomplishment of set goals, striving to achieve their 'ideal' self
  • Concerned with delaying difficult or important tasks, instead completing easier ones in an attempt of avoidance

5. How does a high achiever evaluate their actions?

  • Against the highest achiever, making them want to do better and causing them to become competitve
  • Against their 'actual' self, a moderate factual comparison, such as their previous performance or the average performance
  • Against the low achiever, boosting their self esteem, and causing them to become competitive

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