1. How does a low-achiever evaluate their actions?
- Against their 'ought' self, what they think they should have achieved
- Against their 'ideal' self, what they think they would ideally have achieved
- Against their peers actions, and how they could have achieved better
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2. Define preventional goals
- Concerned with obligations and personal responsibilities, striving to achieve the 'ought' self
- Concerned with personal aspiration and accomplishment of set goals, striving to achieve their 'ideal' self
- Concerned with delaying difficult or important tasks, instead completing easier ones in an attempt of avoidance
3. What impact does evaluating against the 'ought self' have?
- Causes an individual to view their performance neutrally, with no real desire to increase or better it
- Causes an individual to view their performance as a failure, making them anxious and apprehensive about repeating it
- Causes an individual to view their performance as something to be bettered, increasing motivation
4. How do in-groups increase their self-image?
- By using polls and other forms of social media to gather information regarding their status in society
- By enhancing their status and discriminating and holding prejudice views about the out-groups
- By making sure that they have the largest possible population, out numbering out-groups
5. How does a high achiever evaluate their actions?
- Against their 'actual' self, a moderate factual comparison, such as their previous performance or the average performance
- Against the low achiever, boosting their self esteem, and causing them to become competitive
- Against the highest achiever, making them want to do better and causing them to become competitve
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