Social Identity, Self Discrepency, and Regulatory Focus Theory

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1. Define 'social categorisation'

  • Grouping different identities together, for example: 'blue collar', 'white collar', white, black, Asian etc.
  • Splitting society so that it fits into certain categories
  • An extreme practice of splitting different social categories into separate areas of the city - e.g. 'Dauntless', 'Abnegation', and 'Erudite'
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2. Define 'social identification'

  • A process used by the government and public sector agencies to identify people through DNA
  • The extent to which we identify with certain groups and internalise them as part of our self-concept
  • The terms used by society to tell who people are, for example, 'male' and 'female'

3. What do preventional focused people focus on?

  • Achieving the highest possible grade, being inspired by positive role models of high achievement and trying to emulate them
  • Achieving through others' failure, creating negative role modelling of 'cramming' rather than focused revision
  • Achieving a good enough grade, focusing their energy on social and creative tasks that will help their mental health

4. What impact does our self perception have?

  • It impacts how we motivated we are to learn new skills
  • It impacts our emotions, our responses to situations and how we ideally want to be
  • It impacts our self esteem and readiness to join in-groups

5. Define promotional goals

  • Concerned with delaying difficult or important tasks, instead completing easier ones in an attempt of avoidance
  • Concerned with personal aspiration and accomplishment of set goals, striving to achieve their 'ideal' self
  • Concerned with obligations and personal responsibilities, striving to achieve the 'ought' self

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