Social Identity, Self Discrepency, and Regulatory Focus Theory

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1. How does a high achiever evaluate their actions?

  • Against their 'actual' self, a moderate factual comparison, such as their previous performance or the average performance
  • Against the low achiever, boosting their self esteem, and causing them to become competitive
  • Against the highest achiever, making them want to do better and causing them to become competitve
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2. What type of goals would a high-achiever focus on?

  • Procrastitive goals
  • Promotional goals
  • Preventional goals

3. Define promotional goals

  • Concerned with personal aspiration and accomplishment of set goals, striving to achieve their 'ideal' self
  • Concerned with obligations and personal responsibilities, striving to achieve the 'ought' self
  • Concerned with delaying difficult or important tasks, instead completing easier ones in an attempt of avoidance

4. What impact does evaluating against the 'actual self' have?

  • Causes an individual to view their performance as a failure, as they have not transcended into their ideal self
  • Causes an individual to view their performance as a success, increasing self-confidence, or increasing motivation if it is less than their potential
  • Causes an individual to view their performance neutrally, with no real desire to increase or better it

5. Define preventional goals

  • Concerned with delaying difficult or important tasks, instead completing easier ones in an attempt of avoidance
  • Concerned with obligations and personal responsibilities, striving to achieve the 'ought' self
  • Concerned with personal aspiration and accomplishment of set goals, striving to achieve their 'ideal' self

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