Social Identity, Self Discrepency, and Regulatory Focus Theory

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1. How does a low-achiever evaluate their actions?

  • Against their peers actions, and how they could have achieved better
  • Against their 'ought' self, what they think they should have achieved
  • Against their 'ideal' self, what they think they would ideally have achieved
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2. What do promotional focused people focus on?

  • Achieving through others' failure, creating negative role modelling of 'cramming' rather than focused revision
  • Achieving the highest possible grade, being inspired by positive role models of high achievement and trying to emulate them
  • Achieving a good enough grade, focusing their energy on social and creative tasks that will help their mental health

3. What impact does evaluating against the 'actual self' have?

  • Causes an individual to view their performance as a success, increasing self-confidence, or increasing motivation if it is less than their potential
  • Causes an individual to view their performance neutrally, with no real desire to increase or better it
  • Causes an individual to view their performance as a failure, as they have not transcended into their ideal self

4. Define 'social identification'

  • A process used by the government and public sector agencies to identify people through DNA
  • The extent to which we identify with certain groups and internalise them as part of our self-concept
  • The terms used by society to tell who people are, for example, 'male' and 'female'

5. How does a high achiever evaluate their actions?

  • Against the highest achiever, making them want to do better and causing them to become competitve
  • Against their 'actual' self, a moderate factual comparison, such as their previous performance or the average performance
  • Against the low achiever, boosting their self esteem, and causing them to become competitive


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