Social Identity, Self Discrepency, and Regulatory Focus Theory

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1. What does self-discrepancy distinguish between?

  • The actual, ideal and ought self
  • Our different personality traits
  • Negative and positive role modelling
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2. What impact does evaluating against the 'ought self' have?

  • Causes an individual to view their performance as a failure, making them anxious and apprehensive about repeating it
  • Causes an individual to view their performance as something to be bettered, increasing motivation
  • Causes an individual to view their performance neutrally, with no real desire to increase or better it

3. What do promotional focused people focus on?

  • Achieving through others' failure, creating negative role modelling of 'cramming' rather than focused revision
  • Achieving the highest possible grade, being inspired by positive role models of high achievement and trying to emulate them
  • Achieving a good enough grade, focusing their energy on social and creative tasks that will help their mental health

4. Define preventional goals

  • Concerned with delaying difficult or important tasks, instead completing easier ones in an attempt of avoidance
  • Concerned with obligations and personal responsibilities, striving to achieve the 'ought' self
  • Concerned with personal aspiration and accomplishment of set goals, striving to achieve their 'ideal' self

5. According to Tajfel, what happens when people stereotype?

  • We exaggerate differences between the groups, and exaggerate the similarities between things in the out-group
  • We create barriers between the in-group and out-groups, eventually making it so that it is very difficult to exit the in-group
  • We project the insecurities of the in-group onto the out-group

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