Social Identity, Self Discrepency, and Regulatory Focus Theory

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1. How does a low-achiever evaluate their actions?

  • Against their 'ought' self, what they think they should have achieved
  • Against their 'ideal' self, what they think they would ideally have achieved
  • Against their peers actions, and how they could have achieved better
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2. Define preventional goals

  • Concerned with obligations and personal responsibilities, striving to achieve the 'ought' self
  • Concerned with personal aspiration and accomplishment of set goals, striving to achieve their 'ideal' self
  • Concerned with delaying difficult or important tasks, instead completing easier ones in an attempt of avoidance

3. What impact does evaluating against the 'ought self' have?

  • Causes an individual to view their performance neutrally, with no real desire to increase or better it
  • Causes an individual to view their performance as a failure, making them anxious and apprehensive about repeating it
  • Causes an individual to view their performance as something to be bettered, increasing motivation

4. How do in-groups increase their self-image?

  • By using polls and other forms of social media to gather information regarding their status in society
  • By enhancing their status and discriminating and holding prejudice views about the out-groups
  • By making sure that they have the largest possible population, out numbering out-groups

5. How does a high achiever evaluate their actions?

  • Against their 'actual' self, a moderate factual comparison, such as their previous performance or the average performance
  • Against the low achiever, boosting their self esteem, and causing them to become competitive
  • Against the highest achiever, making them want to do better and causing them to become competitve

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