1. Define 'social comparison'
- The comparison of modern-day society to society in the past
- The comparison of our in-groups to out-groups
- The comparison of an individual to large groups
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2. What type of goals would a high-achiever focus on?
- Procrastitive goals
- Promotional goals
- Preventional goals
3. Define 'social categorisation'
- An extreme practice of splitting different social categories into separate areas of the city - e.g. 'Dauntless', 'Abnegation', and 'Erudite'
- Grouping different identities together, for example: 'blue collar', 'white collar', white, black, Asian etc.
- Splitting society so that it fits into certain categories
4. How does a low-achiever evaluate their actions?
- Against their 'ought' self, what they think they should have achieved
- Against their 'ideal' self, what they think they would ideally have achieved
- Against their peers actions, and how they could have achieved better
5. What impact does evaluating against the 'ought self' have?
- Causes an individual to view their performance neutrally, with no real desire to increase or better it
- Causes an individual to view their performance as a failure, making them anxious and apprehensive about repeating it
- Causes an individual to view their performance as something to be bettered, increasing motivation
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