Social Cognition (Mirror neuron system)

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 28-05-15 08:36
What did Rizzoletti find?
Monkey's reached for food and then watched someone else reach for food, on both occasions the same neuron fired
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What did Umilta find?
Carried out a similar experiment to Rizzoletti but the food was hidden behind a screen. Same neuron still fired - showed the monkeys understood what the action entailed
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Why are mirror neurons beneficial in an evolutionary context?
The ability to predict/understand the actions of others increases chance of survival - able to collect food/a mate and avoid violence
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In what ways does MNS offer a biological explanation for uniquely human traits?
Keysers found a correlation between empathy and MNS activity. Binkofski found MNS in the area of the brain associated with speech.
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Why did Baren Cohen believe that autism is affected by MNS?
MNS underpins theory of mind. Autistic people lack theory of mind - therefore may have a damaged MNS
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How did research by Depretto support this?
Compared autistics and non autistics. Autistics had less activity in the MNS when imitating.
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What is one issue with Depretto's study?
The data is correlational so we cannot determine cause and effect.
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Why can we not assume that damaged MNS is the only cause of autism?
It doesn't explain all symptoms of autism (eg. savants)
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What is one major issue with research into MNS?
MRI scans can't measure activity in individual neurons - can't be sure the same neurons fire
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Card 2

Front

What did Umilta find?

Back

Carried out a similar experiment to Rizzoletti but the food was hidden behind a screen. Same neuron still fired - showed the monkeys understood what the action entailed

Card 3

Front

Why are mirror neurons beneficial in an evolutionary context?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

In what ways does MNS offer a biological explanation for uniquely human traits?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did Baren Cohen believe that autism is affected by MNS?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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