Social Psychology Models

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  • Created by: llas7078
  • Created on: 19-10-15 04:46
1. Consumate Love
Intimacy + Passion + Commitment
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2. Liking Love
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3. Companionate Love
Intimacy + Commitment
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4. Empty Love
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5. Factious Love
Passion + Commitment
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6. Infatuation
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7. Romantic Love
Passion + Intimacy
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Romeo and Juliet Effect
Parental opposition can intensify passionate attraction
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Halo Effect
Being physically attractive may lead to be judged more positively on other dimensions
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Halo Effect Hypothesis
People tend to settle in relationships with others who have a similar level of physical attractiveness as themselves
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Evolutionary theories of sexual attraction/mate choice
- Evolutionary basis indicating good health - Partner choice is more complex than physical health - A woman tends to make a greater investment in any single pregnancy and child than a man - The cost of sex is huge = woman and minimal = man
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Group Polarisation
The tendency of group members opinions to become more extreme after group discussion
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Reasons for group polarisation (1,2,3)
1: Informational influence = Exposure to similar views 2. Group discussion encourages statement and restatement of your view 3. Social comparison: Members strive to express a group ideal
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Group Think
A mode of thinking that people engage in when they are deeply involved in a cohesive in-group, when the members striving for unanimity overrides their motivation to realistically appraise alternative courses of action
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Processes in Group Think (10) 1 + 2
1. A highly cohesive group 2. Leader preference for a certain decision
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3 + 4
3. Insulation of the group from outside opinions 4. Invulnerability: Illusion of invulnerability and willingness to take extraordinary risks, causing them to ignore clear danger warnings
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5 + 6
5. Rationalisation: Participants collectively construct rationalisations that discount warnings/negative feedback 6. Pressure on dissent: Members apply direct pressure on anyone who questions validity of arguments supporting a decision
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7 + 8
7. Self-censorship: Members tend to censor themselves when they have opinions that deviate from the group 8. Illusion of unanimity: group members share an illusion that majority view is unanimous
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9 + 10
9. Consideration of few alternatives: Group considers often few, only two alternatives 10. Time pressure: A decision must be made in a short period of time
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Kin Selection Hypothesis
Altruistic behaviour evolved because it promoted the survival of kin
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Reciprocal Altruism
People perform altruistic behaviours because they expect the favour returned
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Indirect Reciprocity
People who act according to the reciprocity principle gain a good reputation and become more socially accepted and have more chance of successfully rearing offspring
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Components in the Passionate Love Scale
- Hatfield and Sprecher (1986) - Scale 1 (not true at all) - 9 (definitely true) - Romantic love involved a set of emotions and beliefs (cognitions) - People who are "in love" tend to behave in different ways - Set of questions "I would feel despair"
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2. Liking Love



Card 3


3. Companionate Love


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Card 4


4. Empty Love


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Card 5


5. Factious Love


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