Social Psychology Definitions

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  • Created by: llas7078
  • Created on: 19-10-15 04:08
Above Average Effect
The tendency of people to consider themselves better than others - The above average effect is a self-serving bias - The above average effect is usually measured on a population basis and is indicated by a skewed distribution
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Reasons for the Above Average Effect
People from individualist cultures are motivated to think of themselves as better than others, as this is part of the cultural definition of status
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Four Factors That Underlie Attraction
1. Repeated Contact 2. Physical Attractiveness 3. Similarity 4. Reciprocity
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Components of Love
1. Passion 2. Intimacy 3. Commitment
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Passionate Love
Key elements: obsession, wildly fluctuating emotions and physiological arousal (hearts pounding, trembling) in the presence of our love.
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Companionate Love
Key elements are companionship, mutual trust and care
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Parental Love
- Mother-child bond as universal - Good evolutionary reasons to assume a considerable genetic contribution Infant strategies for "being lovable" including smiling, looking cute
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Adult Attachment Styles
A. Secure - 55% B. Avoidant - 25% C. Anxious-ambivalent - 20%
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How is romantic love influenced by culture?
- Romantic love seems to exist in most or all cultures - Jankowiak and Fischer (1992) in study of 168 cultures found evidence of romantic love in nearly 90% with the evidence unclear for the rest - HOWEVER - people in individualist cultures appear
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Social Norms
The rules that implicitly or explicitly govern members of a group
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Perceived Norms
peoples perception of the social norm - which may or may not be accurate but is important in influencing their behaviour
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Social Roles
The behaviour that a member in a given position in a group is expected to perform
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Status Hierarchy
The roles that reflect that distribution of power in a group
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Deindividuation
a process by which behaviours become acceptable in a group context that would not be outside that context, that is they lose their personal identity
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Dehumanisation
when "victims" are not seen as a real person
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Conformity
a change in beliefs or behaviours to follow a groups norms
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Card 2

Front

Reasons for the Above Average Effect

Back

People from individualist cultures are motivated to think of themselves as better than others, as this is part of the cultural definition of status

Card 3

Front

Four Factors That Underlie Attraction

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Components of Love

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Passionate Love

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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