social psychology

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  • Created by: abbie01xo
  • Created on: 08-05-18 20:49
what are the results of milligrams study?
all 40 pps obeyed up to 300v, 65% went up to 450v
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conclusion of milgrams study
the most important factor determining obedience is the situation
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strengths of milgrams study
reliable (standardised procedure), internal validity (high control), quantitative and qualitative
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weaknesses of milgrams study
lack ecological validity, unrepresentative sample, ethical concerns
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what are milligrams 3 variations
telephonic instructions, rundown office block, ordinary man
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results for telephonic instructions?
22.5% went to 450 v
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results for rundown office block?
47.5%
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results for ordinary man?
20%
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strengths of agency theory
milgram, explaining real life atrocities, usefulness in society
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weaknesses of agency theory
adorno, removal of personal responsibility
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results of burgers study?
stopped at 150v or sooner (base condition)- 30%, modelled refusal condition- 36.7%, milligram- 17.5%
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strengths of burgers study
reliable, ethical, quantitative data
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weaknesses of burgers study
lacks ecological validity, difficulty with internal validity, not generalisable
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what determines strength in social impact theory
status, age, ability, relationship to target
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what does immediacy refer to
proximity or closeness in time and space
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strengths of social impact theory
math equation to predict behaviour, sedikides and Jackson, milligram
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weaknesses of social impact theory
not specifically relate to obedience, some people more resistant/passive, reductionist
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what is social categorisation?
seeing oneself as part of a group (in group)
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what is social identification?
taking on norms and attitudes of the group
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what is social comparison
see the in group as better than the out group
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strengths of social identity theory
tajfel's minimal group studies, apply to real life situations (Bristol riots), help to reduce prejudice (gaertner),
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weaknesses of social identity theory
reductionist, sherif, ignores role of poverty in prejudice
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what does the realistic conflict theory state?
when there is conflict between groups there is prejudice when they compete for same resources
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when is prejudice more likely?
when the resource is finite such as territory (one winner and one loser)
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strengths of realistic conflict theory?
ember and ember, sherif, reduce prejudice (Aronson et al)
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weaknesses of realistic conflict theory
tyerman and Spencer, ignores cultural differences
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what are the factors affecting prejudice
individual differences (personality), culture, situation
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what personality traits are linked to prejudice
neuroticism, extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience and agreeableness
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conclusion of milgrams study

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the most important factor determining obedience is the situation

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strengths of milgrams study

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weaknesses of milgrams study

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what are milligrams 3 variations

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