AAA Psychology- Social Psychology

?
What are three situational factors affecting obedience?
Proximity, status of authority, personal responsibility.
1 of 47
What are three individual factors affecting obedience?
Locus of control, authoritarian personality, empathy levels.
2 of 47
What was the aim of Milgram's study?
To explain why the people in the Holocaust did what they did. To explore what made them more obedient.
3 of 47
What was the sample type, size, and gender of Milgram's study?
Milgram's study was a volunteer sample of 40 males.
4 of 47
What was the highest shock presented in Milgram's study?
450V shock in Milgram.
5 of 47
How many prods were the participants in Milgram given?
4 prods in Milgram.
6 of 47
What % of the people in Milgram's study were obedient?
100% of the participants went to 300V, and 65% were fully obedient going to 450V.
7 of 47
What is one generalisability weakness of Milgram's study?
Only 40 males, volunteer sample so shared characteristics, and from America
8 of 47
What is one validity weakness of Milgram's study?
It was a lab experiment and therefore it lacked ecological validity
9 of 47
What is one ethical weakness of Milgram's study?
The participants weren't given informed conesent, because they thought the experiment was testing learning not obedience.
10 of 47
What is one ethical strength of Milgram's study?
The participants were fully debriefed.
11 of 47
What were the main changes in Milgram's variation 7?
Instructions were given over the phone.
12 of 47
What were the results of Milgram's variation 7?
Obedience fell to 22.5% in Milgram's variation 7.
13 of 47
What were the main changes in Milgram's variation 10?
Conducted in a run down office block.
14 of 47
What were the results in Milgram's variation 10?
Obedience fell to 52% in Milgram's variation 10.
15 of 47
What were the main changes in Milgram's variation 13?
Ordinary man gave the instructions.
16 of 47
What were the results in Milgram's variation 13?
Odedience fell to 20% in Milgram's variation 13.
17 of 47
What was the aim of Burger's study?
To test whether situational factors affect obedience, partially replicating Milgram's study.
18 of 47
How were some of the participants screened out in Burger's study.
Given 6 questions on their mental and physical health, and interviewed by a licensed psychologist.
19 of 47
How many people were obedient in the baseline and model refusal of Burger's study?
Baseline- 28%. Model refusal- 19%.
20 of 47
What is the main belief of Agency Theory?
We are socialised into obedience, at a young age, like learning to obey parents and teachers.
21 of 47
What is the Agentic state?
Being fully obedient.
22 of 47
What is the Autonomous state?
Free thinking.
23 of 47
What is the Agentic shift?
Moving into the Agentic state from the Autonomous, after a figure of perceived authority takes away personal responsibility.
24 of 47
What are the three factors that affect obedience according to Social Impact Theory?
Strength (how important the authority figure is). Immediacy (how close the authority figure is). Number (how many authority figures there are).
25 of 47
What is the psychosocial law?
Suggests that the social influence Number increases obedience, but at a decreasing rate.
26 of 47
What is the divisional effect?
Less personal responsibility is felt with the more people there are in a situation.
27 of 47
What are three situational factors affecting prejudice?
Social norms, multiculturalism, assimilation.
28 of 47
What are the four individual factors affecting prejudice?
Agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, anxiousness.
29 of 47
What was the aim of Sherif's study?
To investigate how groups developed, how conflict arose, and if this conflict could be reduced with a super-ordinate goal.
30 of 47
What was the sample type, size, and gender of Sherif's study?
Sherif's study involved a volunteer sample of 22 11-12 year old boys.
31 of 47
How did they study the boys in Sherif's study?
Using 12 hour surveillance, sociometric analysis, experiments like beanpicking, and tape recordings.
32 of 47
What were some of the super-ordinate goals given to the boys in Sherif's study?
Chipping in to pay for a movie, or fixing a truck.
33 of 47
What is one ethical weakness of Sherif's study?
Breaks the privacy ethical guideline because of the surveillance and tape recordings.
34 of 47
What is one validity strength of Sherif's study?
No demand characteristics because the boys didn't know they were being studied.
35 of 47
What is one generalisability weakness of Sherif's study?
Contained only boys of a young age and a middle-class background. Not represntative of the rest of the population.
36 of 47
What did Tajfel's study find?
One group of boys would sacrifice themselves getting more money, as long as it meant another group would not get more than them.
37 of 47
What is the main belief of Social Identity Theory?
The simple act of being grouped is enough to cause prejudice between the groups.
38 of 47
What is social categorisation?
Automatic act of putting self and others into groups. In-groups and out-groups form.
39 of 47
What is social identification?
Absorbing the culture of the in-group and their norms and values.
40 of 47
What is social comparison?
In-group favouritism and out-group denegration begins, in order to boost one's self esteem.
41 of 47
What is the main belief of Realistic Conflict Theory?
Prejudice is created between groups when conflict and competition arises.
42 of 47
What are scarce resources?
Resources that there isn't enough for everybody, leading to competition and therefore prejudice.
43 of 47
What is a zero-sum game?
When two or more groups are in competition for something, conflict arises because there can only necessarily be one 'winner'.
44 of 47
What is the social key question?
How can social psychology be used to explain cult behaviour?
45 of 47
What is the definition of a cult?
Following a strong, living leader and demonstrating complete loyalty to this person by absorbing their ideologies and rejecting anyone else who doesn't share these ideologies.
46 of 47
What is one example of a famous cult?
The Manson family.
47 of 47

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are three individual factors affecting obedience?

Back

Locus of control, authoritarian personality, empathy levels.

Card 3

Front

What was the aim of Milgram's study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the sample type, size, and gender of Milgram's study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the highest shock presented in Milgram's study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Social Psychology resources »