Social Policy - Families and Households

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What is China's one child policy?
Couples are only allowed to have one child. Couples who comply get extra benefits such as free child healthcare. An only child gets priority in education and housing later in life. Couples pay a fine if they break the agreement.
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What was the family policy in communist Romania?
Restricted contraception and abortion, made divorce more difficult, lowered the marriage age to 15 and unmarried/childless couples paid more tax.
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What is the functionalist view on social policy?
They see the state as acting in the interests of society as a whole and its social policies as being good for all. Policies help families perform their function more effectively.
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How can the functionalist view be criticised?
It assumes that all members of the family benefit equally from social policies. It assumes that there is a 'march of progress'.
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What is the New Right view on social policy?
Policies have encouraged social changes and helped to undermine the nuclear family. Current policies are encouraging a dependency culture.
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What is the New Right's solution?
Change the policies to make cuts in welfare spending and tighter restrictions on who is eligible for benefits.
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What did the Conservative government of 1979-97 do?
Banned the promotion of homosexuality by local authorities. A ban on teaching that homosexuality was an acceptable family type. They defined divorce as a social problem and introduced the Child Support Agency.
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What are some policies introduced by the New Labour governments of 1997-2010?
Longer maternity leave for both parents, Working Families Tax Credit, civil partnerships, outlawing discrimination on grounds of sexuality.
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What is the feminist view on social policy?
The policies help to maintain women's subordinate position and the unequal division of labour in the family.
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Card 2

Front

What was the family policy in communist Romania?

Back

Restricted contraception and abortion, made divorce more difficult, lowered the marriage age to 15 and unmarried/childless couples paid more tax.

Card 3

Front

What is the functionalist view on social policy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How can the functionalist view be criticised?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the New Right view on social policy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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