Social policy and family

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Discuss China's 1979 One Child Policy and it's effects.
1979, Gender imbalance- female lives with male's family. Many female fetuses aborted. Homosexuality became more common. Increase of trafficking and sex crime. Status of older women as brides improved. Strict family policy.
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Discuss Nazi Germany's 1930s 'racially pure' policy and it's effects.
1930s Twofold policy. Breed a 'master race'.Restricted access to abortion and contraception. Official policies taught to keep women out of the workforce. State steralised 375,000 disabled people and many murdered later on in concentration camps.
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Discuss Communist Romania's 1980s policy to drive up birth rate.
Birth rate was decreasing as the standard of living declined. Restricted contraception and abortion. Infertility treatment centres. Divorce made more difficult. Lowered legal age of marriage to 15.
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Discuss Democratic Societies and their views on social policy.
Some people argue that democratic societies such as Britain- family is a private sphere of life in which government does not intervene except for things like abuse. Social policies play an important part in shaping family life.
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Define the Divorce Reform Act (1969) and what it entails.
It made it easier for couples to escape an unhappy marriage (after 2 years), neither partners had to prove fault, divorce rate shot up, more single parent families, not as many nuclear families.
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Define the Child Support Agency and what it entails.
Child maintenance and everyday living costs, sort our disagreements, make children involved in divorce more happy, all children are accounted for.
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Define the Council Housing Policy and what it entails.
Form of public or social housing built as part of a council estate, not a typical nuclear family setting, more people can have a home, encourage anti-social behavior.
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Define Maternity/Paternity leave and what it entails.
Women= 52 weeks, at least 2 weeks, women get more than men, paid time off from work.
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Define Working Families Tax Credit (2003) and what it entails.
People who work and have a low income, state benefit, accessible by anyone who applies to the criteria, can be claimed by people with children, paid by HM Revenue and Customs.
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Define the Children Act (1989) and what it entails.
Allocated duties to local authorities, parents etc. to ensure that children were safe guarded, best cared for within family, children are better protected within family (harder to act as safety valve), takes children's wishes into account.
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What do Functionalists believe about family and social policy?
Policies help families to perform their functions more effectively, make life better for members, assumes all members benefit equally, Fletcher (1966)- Introduction of policies since Industrial Revolution and has led to the development ofwelfarestate
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What do New Right sociologists believe about family and social policy?
Changes that have led to greater family diversity are threatening the conventional family and producing crime and welfare dependency. Tax laws discriminate against conventional families. Absent fathers financially responsible for their children.
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What do Marxists believe about family and social policy?
Policy is a form of state power and control over families. Focrcault (1976)- Diffused through society e.g. professionals use power to make patients 'cases to be dealt with'. 'Caring proffesions' act as agents of social control through surveillance.
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What do Feminists believe about family and social policy?
Land (1978)- Social policies assume all families are patriarchal nuclear families. Tax and benefit policies assume that the main wage earners are men and women are dependent. Reinforces women's dependence on men.
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Who was Beveridge?
The architect of The Beveridge Report produced in 1947.
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What were the main parts of the welfare set up at the end of the Second World War and what 'giant evils' were these meant to combat?
Freedom from want after the war is over, working age- National Insurance attributions, benefits paid for widows, sick, disabled etc.
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What is meant by the phrase 'welfare from the cradle to the grave'? What principles underlie this phrase?
They will receive benefits and money from the state from the state from the minute they're born till the day they die. Welfare dependency, Married To The State.
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What do Smart and Neale believe in regards to childcare and divorce?
Family life in a modern society is being transformed by high rates of divorce, quality of family life for children has deteriorated and children are damaged by parents choices, could be seeing emergence at post-divorce families.
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Describe the family under John Major's Conservative (1990-1997) government.
Council tax-1992. Back to basics- nostalgic appeal to traditional values, more of a unit. Families encouraged to be more traditional and a unit, cuts in welfare benefits.
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List 3 social policies that promote the traditional nuclear family.
Children act, maternity leave and child support agency.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Discuss Nazi Germany's 1930s 'racially pure' policy and it's effects.

Back

1930s Twofold policy. Breed a 'master race'.Restricted access to abortion and contraception. Official policies taught to keep women out of the workforce. State steralised 375,000 disabled people and many murdered later on in concentration camps.

Card 3

Front

Discuss Communist Romania's 1980s policy to drive up birth rate.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Discuss Democratic Societies and their views on social policy.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define the Divorce Reform Act (1969) and what it entails.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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