Social Learning Theory

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1. What are the 3 important factors which determine whether or not behaviour is copied?

  • Personality, biology and upbringing
  • Vicarious learning, external motivation and self-reinforcement
  • Internal emotions, external motivation and parental influence
  • Economic factors, vicarious learning and upbringing
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2. Why is criminal behaviour from the media likely to be copied?

  • Because crime is not punished; heroes are celebrated for killing bad guys. Victims aren't seen
  • Because they want to feel strong
  • Because people know it's fake and will forget about the consequences
  • Because people will want to be like their heroes

3. What could the media do to individuals rather than make them a criminal?

  • More likely to make them disappointed in police
  • More likely to make them fear being a victim
  • More likely to make them upset
  • More likely to make them angry at criminals

4. What results did Rideout et al find?

  • TV is no longer a large part of everyday life
  • Adults watch around 50+ hours of TV a week
  • People watch around 38 hours of TV a week, and kids watch around 25 a week
  • Children watch up to 40 hours of TV a week

5. What is the key element of social learning theory?

  • The individual must observe criminal behaviour directly or indirectly so that it can be remembered and reproduced
  • The individual must have criminal parents
  • The individual must have a bad experience which makes them want to be a criminal
  • The individual must be a loner

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