social influence ; obedience ; milgram

1 of 87
what in particular was milgram hoping to answer the question of?
why all the germans followed hitler's orders in the holocaust
2 of 87
wanted to know if germans were more what?
3 of 87
began research by establishig what?
method to study obedience
4 of 87
why is his first study sometimes referred to as the 'baseline' study?
it's the one against which all other variations are compared
5 of 87
6 of 87
how many pps did milgram recruit?
7 of 87
all which gender?
8 of 87
how did he recruit them?
adverts and flyers in the post
9 of 87
meaning they were all what type sample?
10 of 87
what kind of study did the ad say he was doing?
11 of 87
pps recruited age range?
12 of 87
and range jobs?
unskilled to professional
13 of 87
how much were the offered to take part?
14 of 87
when they arrived at lab how were roles decided?
rigged draw
15 of 87
what was the confederate's name?
mr wallace
16 of 87
and he always ended up as?
the learner
17 of 87
while the true pp was?
the teacher
18 of 87
who was the third person there?
the experimenter
19 of 87
who was really?
just an actor in a white lab coat
20 of 87
what were pps told at the start?
they could leave at any time
21 of 87
what happened to the learner in another room?
strapped in chair in another room + wired w/ electrodes
22 of 87
what was teacher required to do when learner answered incorrectly?
shock the learner
23 of 87
were the shocks real?
24 of 87
what did the shock level start at?
25 of 87
and rose through how many levels to how many volts?
30 levels to 450 volts
26 of 87
what was 450 volts labelled as?
danger severe shock
27 of 87
what was the label even at 300 volts?
intense shock
28 of 87
what did the learner do at that point?
pound on the wall then give no response to next question
29 of 87
after 315 volt shock what did learner do?
pound on wall again
30 of 87
after that?
no further response from learner
31 of 87
when teacher turned to experimenter for guidance what as the standard instruction given?
'an absence of response should be treated as a wrong answer
32 of 87
if teacher unsure about continuing experimenter used?
sequence of four standard 'prods
33 of 87
which were?
'please continue' / 'the experiment requires that you continue' / 'it is absolutely essential that you continue' / 'you have no other choice, you must go on2
34 of 87
35 of 87
what % pps stopped below 300 volts?
36 of 87
what % pp stopped at 300?
12.5% (5)
37 of 87
what % cont'd to highest level of 450?
38 of 87
qualitative data observations of pps showed what?
signs of extreme tension (sweat / trembe / stutter / bite lip / groad / dig in fingernails0
39 of 87
what did three pps have?
'full-blown uncontrollable seiures'
40 of 87
prior to the study what did milgram ask 14 psych students to do?
predict pps behaviour
41 of 87
what % did they estimate would cont 2 450 volts?
42 of 87
what happened to all pps after the experiment?
debriefed = assured behav was normal
43 of 87
what were the pps also sent?
follow-up questionairre
44 of 87
what % reported they felt glad to have participated?
45 of 87
46 of 87
:( low internal validity
47 of 87
why did orne and holland argue pps acted the way they did?
didn't rlly believe they were real electric shocks
48 of 87
therefore milgram wasn't testing what intended and study lacks?
internal validity
49 of 87
what did gina perry do to confirm this?
listened to milgram's tapes and reported that many expressed doubts about shocks
50 of 87
howeber, sheridan and king conducted similar study in which what happened?
real shocks given to puppy
51 of 87
despide real shocks what % male student pps delivered fatal shock?
52 of 87
and what % female?
53 of 87
why does this suggest effects in milgram's study genuine?
because ppl behaved same way w/ real shocks
54 of 87
milgram himself reported what % of his pps believed the shocks were real?
55 of 87
:) good external validity
56 of 87
why does it at first appear to lack?
lab study
57 of 87
however what was central feature of situation?
relationship between experimenter and pp
58 of 87
so milgram argued lab env accurately reflected what?
wider real life authority relationships
59 of 87
who and where did hofling et al study?
nurses on hospital ward
60 of 87
and had the doctors give them what?
unjustified demands
61 of 87
what levels of obedience did he find?
v high
62 of 87
how many out of 22 nurses obeyed?
63 of 87
what does this suggest about obedience to auth in milgram's study?
can be generalised
64 of 87
so his findings have something valuable to tell us about?
how obedience operates in real life
65 of 87
:) supporting replication
66 of 87
what is the french documentary about reality tv?
le jeu de la mort
67 of 87
what is the replication of milgram's stydy?
pps believed were contestands on pilot episode for new game show
68 of 87
paid to do what when ordered by presenter?
fake electric shocks
69 of 87
to who and infront?
to other pps in front of studio audience
70 of 87
what % pps gave maximum shock of 460 volts to apparently unconscious man
71 of 87
what were two behavioural characteristsics similar to milgram's?
nervous laughter / nail biting / etc
72 of 87
what does this demonstrate about milgran's finsings?
not a one off
73 of 87
74 of 87
:( alt exp - social idenitty theor
75 of 87
in milgram's study who can it be suggested pps identified with?
76 of 87
id w/ science
77 of 87
so why did obedience levels fall?
pps identified less w/ science and more w/ victim
78 of 87
what did haslam and reicher analyse?
behav of pps in study
79 of 87
what did they look at people's behaviour after?
one of four prods used
80 of 87
how many of the prods demand obedience?
81 of 87
what do the other three do?
appeal for help with science
82 of 87
everytime the 4th prod was used what did the pp dp?
83 of 87
:( ethical issues
84 of 87
what did milgram lead pps to believe?
role allocation random
85 of 87
and most significant deception was?
electric shocks
86 of 87
what did bauman see that this deceptiona dn betrayal could do?
damage reputation of psychologists and rsrch
87 of 87

Other cards in this set

Card 2


what in particular was milgram hoping to answer the question of?


why all the germans followed hitler's orders in the holocaust

Card 3


wanted to know if germans were more what?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


began research by establishig what?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


why is his first study sometimes referred to as the 'baseline' study?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all social influence resources »