social influence ; obedience ; milgram

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MILGRAM'S ORIGINAL OBEDIENCE STUDY
IGDG
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what in particular was milgram hoping to answer the question of?
why all the germans followed hitler's orders in the holocaust
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wanted to know if germans were more what?
obedient
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began research by establishig what?
method to study obedience
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why is his first study sometimes referred to as the 'baseline' study?
it's the one against which all other variations are compared
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PROCEDURE
DIGND
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how many pps did milgram recruit?
40
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all which gender?
male
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how did he recruit them?
adverts and flyers in the post
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meaning they were all what type sample?
volunteer
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what kind of study did the ad say he was doing?
memory
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pps recruited age range?
20-50
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and range jobs?
unskilled to professional
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how much were the offered to take part?
$4.50
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when they arrived at lab how were roles decided?
rigged draw
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what was the confederate's name?
mr wallace
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and he always ended up as?
the learner
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while the true pp was?
the teacher
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who was the third person there?
the experimenter
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who was really?
just an actor in a white lab coat
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what were pps told at the start?
they could leave at any time
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what happened to the learner in another room?
strapped in chair in another room + wired w/ electrodes
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what was teacher required to do when learner answered incorrectly?
shock the learner
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were the shocks real?
nope
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what did the shock level start at?
15
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and rose through how many levels to how many volts?
30 levels to 450 volts
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what was 450 volts labelled as?
danger severe shock
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what was the label even at 300 volts?
intense shock
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what did the learner do at that point?
pound on the wall then give no response to next question
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after 315 volt shock what did learner do?
pound on wall again
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after that?
no further response from learner
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when teacher turned to experimenter for guidance what as the standard instruction given?
'an absence of response should be treated as a wrong answer
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if teacher unsure about continuing experimenter used?
sequence of four standard 'prods
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which were?
'please continue' / 'the experiment requires that you continue' / 'it is absolutely essential that you continue' / 'you have no other choice, you must go on2
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findings
digd
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what % pps stopped below 300 volts?
0
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what % pp stopped at 300?
12.5% (5)
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what % cont'd to highest level of 450?
65%
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qualitative data observations of pps showed what?
signs of extreme tension (sweat / trembe / stutter / bite lip / groad / dig in fingernails0
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what did three pps have?
'full-blown uncontrollable seiures'
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prior to the study what did milgram ask 14 psych students to do?
predict pps behaviour
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what % did they estimate would cont 2 450 volts?
3%
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what happened to all pps after the experiment?
debriefed = assured behav was normal
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what were the pps also sent?
follow-up questionairre
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what % reported they felt glad to have participated?
84
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EVALUATION
DFOIGFD
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:( low internal validity
dfigndfg
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why did orne and holland argue pps acted the way they did?
didn't rlly believe they were real electric shocks
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therefore milgram wasn't testing what intended and study lacks?
internal validity
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what did gina perry do to confirm this?
listened to milgram's tapes and reported that many expressed doubts about shocks
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howeber, sheridan and king conducted similar study in which what happened?
real shocks given to puppy
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despide real shocks what % male student pps delivered fatal shock?
54
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and what % female?
100%
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why does this suggest effects in milgram's study genuine?
because ppl behaved same way w/ real shocks
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milgram himself reported what % of his pps believed the shocks were real?
70%
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:) good external validity
INFGD
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why does it at first appear to lack?
lab study
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however what was central feature of situation?
relationship between experimenter and pp
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so milgram argued lab env accurately reflected what?
wider real life authority relationships
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who and where did hofling et al study?
nurses on hospital ward
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and had the doctors give them what?
unjustified demands
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what levels of obedience did he find?
v high
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how many out of 22 nurses obeyed?
21
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what does this suggest about obedience to auth in milgram's study?
can be generalised
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so his findings have something valuable to tell us about?
how obedience operates in real life
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:) supporting replication
ignd
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what is the french documentary about reality tv?
le jeu de la mort
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what is the replication of milgram's stydy?
pps believed were contestands on pilot episode for new game show
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paid to do what when ordered by presenter?
fake electric shocks
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to who and infront?
to other pps in front of studio audience
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what % pps gave maximum shock of 460 volts to apparently unconscious man
80%
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what were two behavioural characteristsics similar to milgram's?
nervous laughter / nail biting / etc
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what does this demonstrate about milgran's finsings?
not a one off
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EVALUATION EXTRA
INDGD
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:( alt exp - social idenitty theor
dignd
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in milgram's study who can it be suggested pps identified with?
experimenter
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why?
id w/ science
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so why did obedience levels fall?
pps identified less w/ science and more w/ victim
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what did haslam and reicher analyse?
behav of pps in study
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what did they look at people's behaviour after?
one of four prods used
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how many of the prods demand obedience?
1
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what do the other three do?
appeal for help with science
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everytime the 4th prod was used what did the pp dp?
quit
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:( ethical issues
digndfg
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what did milgram lead pps to believe?
role allocation random
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and most significant deception was?
electric shocks
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what did bauman see that this deceptiona dn betrayal could do?
damage reputation of psychologists and rsrch
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Card 2

Front

what in particular was milgram hoping to answer the question of?

Back

why all the germans followed hitler's orders in the holocaust

Card 3

Front

wanted to know if germans were more what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

began research by establishig what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

why is his first study sometimes referred to as the 'baseline' study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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