Social Identity Theory

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Who proposed this theory?
Tajfel and Turner
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Briefly describe the theory
You don't need competition to create prejudice, just having another group there can cause prejudice
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Explain the stage 1 of the theory (Social categorisation)
We categorise ourselves and others to understand them and connect everyone to social groups, the group you belong to is the in-group and the others are the out-groups
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Explain stage 2 of the theory (Social identification)
We start to identify with our group, taking on aspects of the group identity, e.g. clothing, sayings etc
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Explain stage 3 of the theory (Social comparison)
We have a positive self concept to make ourselves feel better, it can be achieved in 2 ways- in-group favouritism and out-group negative bias, we boost our self-esteem by seeing the in-group as better than out-group, negative out-group bias is formed
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What factors affect the extent of an individuals prejudice?
The extent t which the individual identifies with the in-group, the extent to which the grounds are for making comparisons, the relevance of the comparison in relation to the out-group
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Briefly describe the theory

Back

You don't need competition to create prejudice, just having another group there can cause prejudice

Card 3

Front

Explain the stage 1 of the theory (Social categorisation)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain stage 2 of the theory (Social identification)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain stage 3 of the theory (Social comparison)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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