Social Flashcards

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Pippa_cn
  • Created on: 01-05-18 13:46
What was the aim of Milgrams original study?
to research how far people would go in obeying an instruction if it involved harming another
1 of 49
What was Milgram's procedure for his original Study?
40 Male participants, recruited as volunteers and introduced to Mr Wallace. Mr W strapped to electric chair, P sat in front of generator and told to teach W word pairs and test him. Each time he got one wrong, they were to administer a shock.
2 of 49
What were the results from Milgrams Original Study
65% went all the way to 450V, all went to at least 300V
3 of 49
What was the procedure for Milgrams Telephonic Variation?
When P sat in front of generator, they received a phone call and were told through the phone when to administer a shock.
4 of 49
What was the results for Milgrams Telephonic Variation?
65% obedience had dropped to 22.5%
5 of 49
What was the procedure for Milgrams Rundown office block Variation?
P told that the research was for the research association of Bridgeport. Same procedure as original.
6 of 49
What was the Results for Milgrams Rundown office block Variation?
65% obedience had dropped to 48%
7 of 49
What was the procedure for Milgrams Ordinary Man Variation?
Experimenter was also a confederate - P though Experimenter was another P along with wallace, Experimenter received a phone call half way through and told to carry on. Wallace then suggests increasing the voltage.
8 of 49
What was the Results for Milgrams Ordinary Man Variation?
16 protested, 5 restrained wallace or tampered with generator, 11 allowed Wallace to self administer.
9 of 49
What are the two states of behavior suggested by the Agency Theory
autonomous - we are responsible, agents - someone else
10 of 49
why does the Agency theory suggest we shift into the Agentic State?
Relieve Moral Strain
11 of 49
How do we develop the ability to shift into the agent state according to the Agency theory?
Born with an innate behaviour, bust become obedient through socialisation
12 of 49
Give 2 strengths of the Agency Theory
Supporting evidence from Milgram and warns people of negative authority
13 of 49
Give 3 weaknesses of the Agency Theory
Not generalisable to woman, Individual differences not explained (why some people are more obedient) and alternative theory (social Impact theory)
14 of 49
What is the cognitive Contemporary Study?
Burger 2009
15 of 49
What was the aim of burgers study?
to replicate milgrams original study, altering the method to make it more ethical
16 of 49
what 3 things did Burger check before he carried out his study?
Has P ever studied Psychology, examined their physical and mental health and then allowed a clinical psychologist to have final say if they can take part.
17 of 49
who were Burger's participants
29 males, 49 females volunteered,
18 of 49
what was Burgers first condition?
Baseline condition - Same as Milgram but Wallace was recorded, participants were stopped before they could administer 150V (assumed they'd go all the way)
19 of 49
what was Burgers second condition?
Modeled refusal condition - one confederate was teacher, one was wallace. Teacher refused to continue at 90V and asked volunteer to carry on for them
20 of 49
what was the results of Burgers Baseline Condition?
70% went to 150V
21 of 49
what was the results of Burgers Modelled refusal Condition?
63.3% went to 150V
22 of 49
give 3 strengths of Burger's study.
Generalisable to both genders, reliable as Wallace was recorded, experimenter was clinical psychologist
23 of 49
give 3 weaknesses of Burger's study.
Deception was broken, Informed consent broken, Not ecologically valid.
24 of 49
who developed the Social Impact theory?
Latane
25 of 49
what does the social impact theory say were are heavily influenced by?
The actions of others (persuaded, inhabited, threatened or supported)
26 of 49
What is a source's authority based on?
Strength (status or age), immediacy (proximity) and number (ratio of sources to targets)
27 of 49
what is the psychosocial law?
First source has most impact on targets
28 of 49
Division of Impact
More targets = less impact
29 of 49
give 3 strengths of Social Impact theory.
ordinary man supports strength, telophonic supports immediacy, smaller class sized
30 of 49
give 3 weaknesses of Social Impact theory
Biological factors not considered, Alternative theory (agency), Individual differences
31 of 49
give 4 similarities between Agency Theory and Social Impact theory.
support milgram, author is affected by proximity, definition of an authoritative figure, both focus on environmental factors
32 of 49
give 3 differences between Agency Theory and Social Impact theory.
AT focuses on evolution, At says constantly shifting state, SIT says pasive unless correct condition, AT does not mention number
33 of 49
give 3 situational factors for the social approach.
Proximity, Status,Personal Responsibility.
34 of 49
Give 3 individual differences for the personality section.
Locus of control(Rotter 1966), authoritarian personality (f scale), Empathy (burger 2009)
35 of 49
Give 2 other individual differences
culture (individualist and collectivist), Gender (traditional views and sheridan and kind)
36 of 49
Who developed the Social Identity theory?
Tajfel and Turner
37 of 49
why does prejudice occur according to the social identity theory?
Existence of 2 groups - no competition needed
38 of 49
what are the three stages that cause prejudice according to the social identity theory?
Categorisation, Identification, Comparison.
39 of 49
what is in group favouritism?
exaggerate differences between in group and out group.
40 of 49
give 2 strengths of social Identity theory.
seen within friendship groups and supporting evidence from jane elliott and stage one of sherif (existence alone )
41 of 49
give 2 weaknesses of social Identity theory.
Jane elliot was artificial, alliterative study
42 of 49
When does prejudice occur according to the Realistic Conflict theory
when there is 2 groups with similar interests - competition needed
43 of 49
how can prejudice be reduced according to the realistic conflict theory?
Superordinate goals
44 of 49
give 2 strengths of the Realistic conflict theory.
application of the superordinate goals, Supporting evidence from robbers cave
45 of 49
give 3 weaknesses of the Realistic conflict theory.
alternative theory, Does not explain prejudice with no competition, individual differences
46 of 49
What was the aim of Robbers cave study?
to investigate intergroup relations while experimentally induced situations were introduced
47 of 49
what was the backgroud info of Robbers Cave study?
2 previous failed attempts
48 of 49
what was the procedure of robbers cave study?
22 participants none acquainted beforehand were spilt into two groups (egales and Rattlers) info from parents was used to put boys into groups based on their education and athletic ability. First boys to
49 of 49

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was Milgram's procedure for his original Study?

Back

40 Male participants, recruited as volunteers and introduced to Mr Wallace. Mr W strapped to electric chair, P sat in front of generator and told to teach W word pairs and test him. Each time he got one wrong, they were to administer a shock.

Card 3

Front

What were the results from Milgrams Original Study

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the procedure for Milgrams Telephonic Variation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the results for Milgrams Telephonic Variation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Social Psychology resources »