Social Control

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  • Created by: Megan555
  • Created on: 02-03-16 16:15
What is social control?
Refers to the means by which people are persuaded to follow the rules of society.
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What is social order?
Underlying rules of social behaviour.
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What is formal control?
The law. Rules which are enforced formally/officially.
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What is informal control?
Unwritten rules of society surrounding etiquette, manners and morals.
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How is informal control enforced?
Through ridicule, gossip and ostracism.
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How is formal control enforced?
The police. Threat of punishment.
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What is socialisation?
The way in which people learn how to fit in to society; the rules and norms.
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What is primary socialisation?
The way in which children are taught basic norms and rules of society. Generally through family.
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What is secondary socialisation?
The way in which rules of society are learnt at a later stage in life from school or the work place.
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What are the four formal agencies of social control?
Laws, Police, Courts, Penal Institutions.
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What are laws?
Rules which must be legally obeyed.
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Who enforces the laws?
Police.
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What do Courts do?
Decide punishment for an offence committed.
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What are Penal Institutions?
Places where offenders carry out sentences passed by courts.
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Name 2 types of Penal Institutions.
Prison, Young offenders institution.
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What are the agencies of informal social control?
Family, Work place, Schools, Media, Religion.
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What are norms?
Patterns of behaviour which are considered to be normal/right in a society.
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What are mores?
Patterns of behaviour based on values/beliefs of a society.
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What are customs?
Folkways which have been handed down through generations.
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What are folkways?
Norms which are followed because they have been for a long time but the breaking of them is not morally wrong/punishable.
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What is a peer group?
People who are a similar age, share a similar social situation and status in society.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Underlying rules of social behaviour.

Back

What is social order?

Card 3

Front

The law. Rules which are enforced formally/officially.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Unwritten rules of society surrounding etiquette, manners and morals.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Through ridicule, gossip and ostracism.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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