EXTERNAL- Social Class and Educational Achievement

Where do we gain our basic values and attitudes needed for educational success?
from Primary Socialisation in the family
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What are the TWO external factors in social class and educational achievement
1. Cultural Deprivation 2. Material Deprivation
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What is the ONE external factor which tries to solve material and cultural deprivation
COMPENSATORY EDUCATION
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What are the THREE main aspects which can effect whether or not a working class pupil is culturally deprived
1. Intellectual Development 2. Attitudes 3. Language
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What do working class parents do (or rather not do) in terms of intellectual development
Working class families tend to lack books and toys that would stimulate the child's intellectual development.
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Who were the TWO sociologists who spoke about parental attitudes
1. DOUGLAS 2. HYMAN
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What did DOUGLAS say about parental attitudes in terms of ambition to do well and how does it impact the motivation of their child
working class parents were less ambitious for their children and had less interest in their education. Therefore it made the pupils less motivated and determined to do well in school.
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What did HYMAN say about the values the working class
the negative and fatalistic values the working class family hold, acts as a barrier to their own academic success - they see no point in education.
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BERNSTEIN, What were the two types of language he discussed
Restricted code (used by working class) and Elaborated code (used by middle class, exams and teachers)
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What does RESTRICTED CODE have
limited vocab, based on short, unfinished, grammatically incorrect sentences.
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What does ELABORATED CODE have
wide vocabulary, based on long, complex and grammatically correct sentences.
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What are the THREE main features of material deprivation in Social Class.
1. Poor Housing 2. Diet and Health 3. Financial Support
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Give TWO reasons why Poor Housing (Material Deprivation) can lead to poor educational achievement in working class students
1. Overcrowding can have a direct effect by making it harder for a child to study 2. If the house is damp and mouldy it can have side effects on their health as they will get ill and have more school absences.
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Give ONE reason why Diet and Health (Material Deprivation) can lead to poor educational achievement in working class students
poor nutrition weakens the immune system, which ;leads to an increase in school absences
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Give TWO reasons why Financial Support (Material Deprivation) can lead to poor educational achievement in working class students
1. materially deprived children have to do without the equipment needed for school and miss out on experiences that would have enhanced their educational achievement. 2. cost of items such as, books and uniforms can be a heavy financial burden
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What is 'Compensatory Education'
a policy designed to tackle material deprivation by providing extra resources to schools in deprived areas and includes SureStart which helps to combat cultural deprivation
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What does SureStart do and what is it
It is a children's centre that deprived children have access to. They provide education, care, family support and health services.
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What is the main aim of SureStart
To work with parents to promote physical, social and intellectual development of the deprived child
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the TWO external factors in social class and educational achievement

Back

1. Cultural Deprivation 2. Material Deprivation

Card 3

Front

What is the ONE external factor which tries to solve material and cultural deprivation

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the THREE main aspects which can effect whether or not a working class pupil is culturally deprived

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do working class parents do (or rather not do) in terms of intellectual development

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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