Social Approach Psychology - Edexcel

HideShow resource information
Define Obedience
-Obeying someone in authority
1 of 48
Define Prejudice
-Attitudes to a certain group of people, mostly negative
2 of 48
Define Descrimination
-An action arising from a prejudice attitude
3 of 48
Who came up with Agency theory?
-Milgram
4 of 48
What is agency theory?
-Explanation leading to the development of explaining obedience.
5 of 48
The 2 states in Agency theory
-Agentic state -Autonomous state
6 of 48
Which state is the following: " The state people are in when they are acting for themselves and making their own decisions"
-Autonomous state
7 of 48
What is agentic state?
-When individual will blindly OBEY SOMEONE - their own consciences are not in control
8 of 48
What is moral strain?
-The PRESSURE of doing something against one's own moral code. -They feel UNCOMFORTABLE with that behaviour. - And it feels WRONG
9 of 48
Evaluate Milgram's Agency theory of obedience
-It is a REDUCTIONISM IDEA. -It doesn't take into account the FACTORS that effect obedience. -Theory also suggests why the NAZIS did what they did.
10 of 48
What is an Authority figure?
A person who shows POWER or STATUS in some way
11 of 48
What is this Theory?: "Other peoples actions, change how we feel and how we act in response" (Hint social..)
Social Impact Theory
12 of 48
(Fill in the gap) Social Impact Theory looks at how the ............ of others ......... us.
-Opinions -Affect
13 of 48
Milgram found that when someone disobeyed, a participant was also more likely to ........ Suggesting that behaviour is ........ by the presence of others
-Disobey - Affected
14 of 48
What are the 3 factors that have an affect on whether obedience is more likely to appear?
1) Strength 2)Immediacy 3) Number
15 of 48
Authority figure is source or target?
-Source
16 of 48
Who is the target?
-The person being influenced
17 of 48
Out of the 3 factors what is the status?
-Strength
18 of 48
What is number?
-Number of authority figures (source) or targets
19 of 48
What is immediacy?
-The proximity/ distance
20 of 48
What year did Milgram's "study of obedience" take place?
-1963
21 of 48
What was the Aim of Milgram's study?
-Investigate the LEVEL OF OBEDIENCE ppts would show when an AUTHORITY FIGURE tells them to administer ELECTRIC SHOCKS to another person.
22 of 48
Describe the sample
-40 men - Aged between 20+50 -Were each paid $4.50
23 of 48
What were the voltages?
-0 to 450V
24 of 48
How many ppts went to 300V
-100%
25 of 48
How many ppts went to the full 450V
65%
26 of 48
Strength and Weakness of Milgram's Study
-Good controls. -They were deceived
27 of 48
What were Milgram's variations 7, 10 and 13?
7) Telephonic instructions 10) Rundown office block 13) Ordinary man gives orders
28 of 48
Social Identity theory (SIT)was by who? And what does it state
-Tajfel and Turner (1979)- that the In-group becomes hostile to the out-group
29 of 48
What are the 3 features of SIT
-Social categorization, Social Identification and Social comparison
30 of 48
Strength and weakness of SIT?
-Lots of evidence to support the theory (Tajfel) - Realistic conflict theory suggests that there must be CONFLICT
31 of 48
Who came up with Realistic Conflict Theory?
-Sherif (1966)
32 of 48
Strength and weakness of Realistic Conflict Theory?
-Robbers Cave experiment was well planned and controlled - It's not likely to see the conflict in real life
33 of 48
What was the aim of Sherif et al's study? (1961)
-See whether 2 groups brought into contact and competition, will become hostile towards eachother.
34 of 48
Sample?
-22 ppts -Boys - 12yrs
35 of 48
What were the names of the 2 groups?
-Rattlers and Eagles
36 of 48
What are the 3 Stages?
1) In-group formation 2) In-group relations 3) Inter-group relations
37 of 48
At the end of stage 2 what % of the Rattlers had friends from the out-group?
-6.4%
38 of 48
At the end of stage 3 what % of the Rattlers had friends from the out-group?
-36.4%
39 of 48
In conclusion some ............ was observed between the groups.
-Hostility
40 of 48
What was the aim of Burger's study? (2009)
-To investigate the obedience by replicating Milgram - see if results will re-occur when study is replicated with modern ppts.
41 of 48
Sample?
-70 ppts -Men and women - 20 TO 81 yrs - Self-selective -$50
42 of 48
How did Burger differ from Milgram?
-Wasn't just men -Ppts only went to 150V -They were told they could withdraw
43 of 48
Results of the baseline and Modeled refusal
-70% ppts were needed to be stopped at 150V -63.3%
44 of 48
Strength and weakness of Burger
-Replicable: he was able to replicate milgram - Lacks Validity: it takes place in a unnatural setting
45 of 48
Define Quantitative Data
-The gathering of numerical data
46 of 48
Define Qualitative Data
-The gathering of Non-numerical data
47 of 48
What 2 main research methods does social psychology use?
-Questionaires and Interview
48 of 48

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define Prejudice

Back

-Attitudes to a certain group of people, mostly negative

Card 3

Front

Define Descrimination

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who came up with Agency theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is agency theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Approaches resources »