Smog in Indonesia Flashcards

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  • Created by: StevenFox
  • Created on: 30-03-16 16:30
When did the smog occur?
Late 1997 - 1998
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In which region in Indonesia did it begin?
Kalimantan region
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How many Km2 were affected?
3 million Km2 - Large than Western Europe
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How many people were affected?
Roughly 70 million people
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What was the operative cause of the smog?
Slash & burn techniques for land clearance and timber production
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What physical phenomenon made the situation worse and why?
El Nino - Dried up the forests + no rain to put out the fires
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What was the visibility like in some areas?
Less than 1 metre
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How many people were killed in an airliner that crashed as a result of poor visibility?
234 people
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How many cigarettes was the smog exposure equivalent to?
80 cigarettes a day!
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How many people were treated for smog-related illnesses?
60,000 people
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How much was lost i overall losses?
$10 billion
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How much did coffee production fall?
40%
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How much did Palm Oil production fall?
30%
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How much did the length of the day decrease by due to the smog?
2.4 hours - or 20% of the day
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How many million hectares of forest burned down?
4.5 million hectares
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Out of this, how many acres of forest that burn down was PROTECTED forest?
150,000 acres
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How many national parks were affected?
19 National Parks
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How long is it estimated that the peat will continue to burn for, and what effect does this have?
Up to 20 years. Therefore, seeds cant germinate
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How many species of the Arophola Butterfly have been rediscovered, from an original population of 180 species
Only 4 species have been rediscovered
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From which strait were ships re-routed to avoid?
the Strait of Malacca
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What help did the US provide?
Water bombed and cloud seeded
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What aid did Australia & Malaysia provide?
Firefighters to help combat the fires
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What did the Indonesian government do to the licenses of companies responsable?
Revoked them
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Which country declared a 'State of Emergency'?
Malaysia
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To avoid another crisis, what has Indonesia done to avoid slash & burn tactics?
Adopted other forms of industry, mainly Palm Oil
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Which international organisation adopted a zero-burning strategy policy to solve the problem?
ASEAN
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

In which region in Indonesia did it begin?

Back

Kalimantan region

Card 3

Front

How many Km2 were affected?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many people were affected?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the operative cause of the smog?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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