Sleep (Lifespan changes)

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 28-05-15 11:22
Describe the sleep of a newborn-1 year old child
Sleep most of the day - goes straight into REM because lots of learning taking place
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Why is the sleep pattern of a baby adaptive?
Sleep during the day so parents can do chores that will ensure the baby's survival. Wake several times in the night because they have small stomachs and need regular feeding or they may starve in the night.
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Describe the sleep of a 5-12 year old child
9-10 hours. Adult pattern of 25% REM and 75% non-REM. Uninterrupted - ideal sleep
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Describe the sleep of a teenager
Needs 9-10 hours but rarely gets it. Sleep interrupted by school etc. Changes in sleep may occur as a result of hormone release.
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What did Crowley et al find?
Hormonal changes in teenagers may be due to delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS)
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Describe the sleep of an adult (18-30 and 40+)
Needs 9-10 hours but rarely gets it. Sleep interrupted by children, work, stress etc. 40+ get significantly less stage 4 sleep - body no longer repairs itself
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Describe the sleep of the elderly (60+)
Sleep quality extremely poor. Sleep interrupted by illness. No stage 4 sleep. May have up to 1000 mini awakenings each night.
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What issues are there with the way this research is carried out?
Done in sleep labs - low external validity. Students, infants and the elderly are studied far more than adults. A set pattern for each age group doesn't consider individual differences.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why is the sleep pattern of a baby adaptive?

Back

Sleep during the day so parents can do chores that will ensure the baby's survival. Wake several times in the night because they have small stomachs and need regular feeding or they may starve in the night.

Card 3

Front

Describe the sleep of a 5-12 year old child

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the sleep of a teenager

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Crowley et al find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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