SKILL ACQUISITION

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serial skills
a skill with a number of elements which are put together in a certain order to make a movement/sequence eg. gymnastics routine
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positive transfer
process of one skill helping the learning and performance of a separate but similar skill
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kinesthesis
awareness of the relative position of the limbs and joints in space and the state of contraction in the muscles
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whole practise
when the skill is learnt in its complete form
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ballistic skills
short and fast skills
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gross skills
involving large muscle movements, eg. running
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complex skills
involving a lot of decision making and information to be processed quickly; a high number of sub routines, feedback is avaliable
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simple skills
skills with few decisions to be made and little information to be processed
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self paced skills
often closed skills, when the performer decides when and how fast/slowly to carry out the skill, involving proactive performance. eg, taking a penalty kick in football
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fine skills
those involving more intricate movements, using small muscle groups, eg.archery
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closed skills
not affected by external factors; predominately habitual, set movements, self paced
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open skills
affected by external factors, no clear beginning and end, externally paced
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discrete skills
clear beginning and end. Skill can be repeated but performer starts again; single specific skill
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continuous skill
no clear beginning/end, end of one cycle starts another, eg. cycling. no clear subroutines
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externally paced skills
control over the rate is not held by the performer; often involves the reaction of the performer
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high organisation skills
sub routines closely integrated and difficult to separate in practice; best practised as a whole
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low organisation skills
sub routines tend to be discrete & may be practised separately and then integrated into the whole skill; can be learnt/practised using part method
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

process of one skill helping the learning and performance of a separate but similar skill

Back

positive transfer

Card 3

Front

awareness of the relative position of the limbs and joints in space and the state of contraction in the muscles

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

when the skill is learnt in its complete form

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

short and fast skills

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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