Skill Acquisition - Memory

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What are the three stores in memory?
Short term sensory store, short term memory, long term memory.
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What are the three processes in memory?
Encoding, maintenance, retrieval.
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Where is the information from the display stored?
Short term sensory store.
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What's the capacity and duration of the STSS?
A large capacity, however lasts for about half a second.
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Why are there separate STSS?
One for each form of sensory information.
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What process takes place in the STSS?
Selective Attention.
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What is selective attention?
Ignoring the irrelevant information and passing the relevant information on into the STM.
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Hoes does information pass from the STSS into the STM?
Encoding.
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What's the capacity of the STM?
7+/-2 (5-9)
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What's the duration of the STM?
30 seconds.
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What is the STM also known as?
The working memory.
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How does information remain in the STM?
Paying attention and attending to the information (e.g rehearsal).
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Where is information passed onto if it is rehearsed and learned?
The long term memory.
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How is it passed into the LTM?
Encoding.
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How is information from the LTM passes into the STM?
Retrieval or decoding.
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How can a coach make sure information is passed into the STM?
Making it brief, to the point and make sure the learner is paying attention.
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What type of information does the LTM hold?
Well learned and practised information.
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What is stored in the LTM?
Past experiences.
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What is the capacity of the LTM?
It's unlimited.
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How does the STM and LTM work together?
Information is retrieved from the LTM and compared to information in the STM.
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What part of the DCR process is this?
Recognition.
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Where are motor programmes stored?
Long term memory.
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How can we ensure information is passed into the LTM?
Rehearsal, meaningful, speed of learning, over-learning.
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How can we improve memory?
Practice, avoid interference, association, organisation.
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What is chaining?
Breaking down a complex action into a series of smaller actions to form a chain of actions.
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What is chunking?
A performer reducing the number of pieces of information by putting similar pieces of information together.
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What is mental rehearsal?
Running through a performance/skill in your mind.
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How can a coach ensure information is remembered?
Interesting activity, brief information, demonstrations, associate with previously learned skills, use reinforcement and mental rehearsal.
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How can mental rehearsal be effective?
Make sure the performer is relaxed, you use all senses, evaluate mental and movement experiences.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the three processes in memory?

Back

Encoding, maintenance, retrieval.

Card 3

Front

Where is the information from the display stored?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What's the capacity and duration of the STSS?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why are there separate STSS?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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