Skill Acquisition

What is the continuum for difficulty?
Simple --- Complex
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What is the continuum for environmental influence?
Open --- Closed
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What is the continuum for pacing?
Self paced --- Externally paced
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What is the continuum for muscular involvement?
Fine --- Gross
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What is the continuum for organisation?
Low --- High
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What is the continuum for continuity?
Discrete --- Serial --- Continuous
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Name the methods of practice
Part, whole, whole part whole, part progressive
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Name the types of practice
Massed, distributed, fixed, varied
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Name the transfers of skills
Positive, negative, proactive, retroactive, bilateral
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What is retroactive transfer?
When learning a skill affects a skill already learnt
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What is operant conditioning learning theory?
S-R bonds are created when behaviours are shaped and reinforced
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What is the best way to form an S-R bond?
Partial reinforcement
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What are Thorndike's three laws?
Law of exercise, law of effect, low of readiness
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What is the cognitive theory of learning for?
Autonomous learners who have a range of S-R bonds already
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What is observational social learning?
Behaviour is copied of others - especially if they're of high status
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What does observational social learning depend on?
Attention, retention, motor production, motivation
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What are the stages of learning?
Cognitive, associate, autonomous
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Name the types of guidance
Verbal, visual, manual, mechanical
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What are the positives and negatives of manual guidance?
Reduces fear/danger, isolates sub routines, over restrictive, close proximity
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What are the types of feedback?
Positive, negative, intrinsic, extrinsic,
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What is the multi story memory model dependant on?
Encoding, storage and retention
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What are the three types of memory?
Sensory, short term and long term memory
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What is sensory memory?
Selective attention where unimportant factors are forgotten
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What is required between sensory and short term memory?
Attention
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What is required between short term and long term memory?
Rehearsal and retrieval
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What does levels of processing models state?
Meaning of info is more relevant than repetition
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What are the 3 levels of the processing model?
Structural, phonetic, semantic
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What is the structural level?
Paying attention
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What is the phonetic level?
Processing sound of words
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What is the semantic level?
Meaning of the words
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What 6 things make memory effective?
Rehearsal, meaningfulness, association, avoiding overload, organising information, mental imagery
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the continuum for environmental influence?

Back

Open --- Closed

Card 3

Front

What is the continuum for pacing?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the continuum for muscular involvement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the continuum for organisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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