Situational variables affecting obedience

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Who did a key study for obedience and when?
Milgram, 1963
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Briefly outline the the setting of the study
lots of variations - 40 participants, 2 confederates(experimenter and 47 year old volunteer). 'teacher' had to test the 'learner' on remembering word pairs. They had to administrate electric shocks starting at 15v-450v, increasing every 15v.
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Briefly outline the procedure of the study.
'voice feedback study' - 'learner' gave wrong answers most times and was shocked(silent reactions)up until 300v where he pounded the wall, and gave no response to any more questions. If the 'teacher' wanted to stop, experimenter used certain phrases
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What was the predicted results for the experiment?
Few would go beyond 150v, and that 1/1000 would administer full 450v.
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Briefly outline the findings of this experiment
'voice feedback study' - 26/40 continued to 450v, despite 450v labeled "XXX". Everyone continued to 300v.
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What are the situational factors in obedience?
Proximity, Location, Power of uniform
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What were the 'proximity' variations of the study?
'Proximity' study, teacher and learner were sat in the same room. Obedience levels fell to 40%. 'Touch proximity', had to push own hand onto shock button - obedience levels fell to 30%.
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How does proximity affect obedience?
Seeing someone in pain means you stop the experiment earlier.
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What were the 'location' variations of the study?
Milgram tried the study in a run down office in Conneticut. Obedience rates slightly dropped to 48% administering 450v.
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How does location affect obedience?
The studies were conducted in psychology lab at Yale University, so people said this gave them confidence in the people, and would not have completed the study if it was elsewhere.
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EVALUATION: Ethical issues
Milgram's study was criticised for his lack of concern for the patients. Also, deception because he told them it was an experiment about the effects of punishment on learning(this means people did not give fully informed consent).
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Briefly outline the the setting of the study

Back

lots of variations - 40 participants, 2 confederates(experimenter and 47 year old volunteer). 'teacher' had to test the 'learner' on remembering word pairs. They had to administrate electric shocks starting at 15v-450v, increasing every 15v.

Card 3

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Briefly outline the procedure of the study.

Back

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Card 4

Front

What was the predicted results for the experiment?

Back

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Card 5

Front

Briefly outline the findings of this experiment

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