Situation Ethics

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what type of theory is this?
A relativistc, teleological and consequential theory
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Define Teleological
This means that it is concerned with the end purpose or goal of an action- in this case the goal should always be 'self-sacrifising love'
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Define consequentail
This means that moral judgements- whether something is right or wrong- should be based on the outcome or the consequences of an action- in this case does it bring the most loving outcome?
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Define relativistc
This means that there are no moral norms or rules and that each situation has to be looked at independently because each situation is diffrent
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Define antinomianism
means 'agaisnt the law'. a situationsit attitude with the idea people are under no obligation to obey laws of ethics or morality as presented by religious authorities. The situation will provide the solution wich can be found intuition
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Define Legalism
An attitude that exalts laws above all other consideration
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Why did Fletcher reject Antinomianism?
Fletcher rejected this as he said that with no guiding princibles there could well be moral chaos
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Why did Fletcher reject legalism?
Fletcher rejected legalism as he said it gave people no chocie but to follow the rules.
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Fletchers quote on antinomianism
" is literally unprincibled, purely as hoc and casual. they follow no forecastable course from one situation to another. they are exactly anarchic i.e. without a rule"
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Fletchers quotes on legalism
"...with this approach one enters into every decision making process encumbered with a whole apparatus of prefabricated ruled and regulations"
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Who developed the theory known as Situation Ethics?
Joseph Fletcher when he formalised the theory in his book Situation Ethics:The New Morality
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What type love is the guidng princible of situation Ethics and what does it mean
Agape.This is the Christian princible for selfless love. Agape is one of the Greeks words for love used in the New Testament. it is the workd used to desribe Gods love for humanity and the love that Christains should show towards God and other people
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What are the four working princibles?
Pragmatism, positivism, personalism and relativism
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What does pragmatism mean?
The proposed course of action must work- be pratical and be motivated by love
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What does positivism mean?
Agape provides justification not proof for an ethical decision. people must accept thatacting in the most loving way is the right thing to do
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What does personalism mean?
The desire to put people, not rules first. The Christian is permitted to love people, not rules or laws
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What does relativism mean?
The right response will depend upon each unique situation. People must respond with agape love to each situation. A situationsit avoids words like never and always as they belive circumstances can always throw up exceptions
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What is the quote John 15v13?
"In which Jesus states, 'No one has greater lovethan this, to lay down ones life for ones friends.'(supports the concept of agape love)
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What is the quote Galatians 5v14?
"For the whole law is fulfilled in one word, you shall love your neighbour as yourself." (this appears to support one of Flectchers six fundemenatl princibles, 'The ruiling norm of any christian decision is love, nothing else')
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What is the quote Mark 2v27?
"The sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath." (some claim that jesus adopted a relativisic approach to ethics, for example he attaked the Pharisees insistence on following the Torah or Jewish law-Fletchers four working princibles relativis
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What is the quote John 5v1-16?
Jesus put people first, he broke Sbbath laws to heal on the Sabbath- healed he paralysed man on the Sabbath. (This links to Fletchers four working princoples-personamlsim)
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What is the quote Matthew 22v37-39?
"Love your neighbour as yourslef" Jeus stated that love is the highest princible above the Law. (One of Fletchers six fundemental princibles states 'The ruling norm of any Christain decison is love, nothing else')
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What is the quote Luke 6v27?
Jesus stated that you should 'Love your enemies. do good to those who hate you.' (One of Fletchers six fundemantal princibles states 'Love will the good of others regardless of others.'
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Card 2


Define Teleological


This means that it is concerned with the end purpose or goal of an action- in this case the goal should always be 'self-sacrifising love'

Card 3


Define consequentail


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Card 4


Define relativistc


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Define antinomianism


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