Situation Ethics Flashcards Key words and PPQ

What is antinomianism?
The view that there are no fixed moral laws or rules. People should act spontaneously in each situation to decide what is right
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Define situationism
Fletcher argues that situation ethics involves doing the most loving thing in a situation
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Legalism is the view that...
morality should be based on laws or commands that must always be followed
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Two examples of legalist ethical theories are..
Natural law and Kantian ethics
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Affectionate love in Greek is
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Friendly love in Greek is
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Eros is what type of love?
Sexual or romantic love
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What is the love Fletcher focused on?
Agape- an unconditional love
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Something must work to be correct (be the most loving). What working principle is this?
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'agapeic love' relativizes the absolute but does not absolutise the relative is which of the 4 working principles?
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Define positivism
The belief in love- in particular Christian love. You have to start with a positive choice – you need to want to do good. There is no rational answer to the question “Why should I love?”
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What is personalism?
ethics that deals with human relations- people centred
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How many propositions does Fletcher have?
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Describe an example that demonstrates situation ethics in action (Mrs Bergmeir)
She believed in 2 absolute principles 1)'never commit adultery, 2) never abandon your family. Mrs Bergmeir was captured and taken to a POW. The only way to get back to her family was by becoming pregnant. She had sex with a Russian solider and went h
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What is the first proposition?
Only one thing is good, namely love.
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2nd proposition: The ruling norm of ____________ is love. Nothing else
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3rd proposition: Love and _______ are the same
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The 4th proposition reads as followed...
Love wills the neighbours good whether we like him or not
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5th proposition: Only the ____ justifies the _____
End, Means- nothing needs to be ruled out if it has a loving end
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In the 6th proposition how is love's decision made?
Love's decisions are made situationally not prescriptively
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An ethical principle that cannot be challenged
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Agapeic calculus
Fletcher's parallel to Bentham's hedonic calculus
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'self law'- people should be able to decide for themselves what is in their best interests
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Brought about by the human will
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Reliance is placed on human intelligence rather than a supernatural being
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What type of ethical theory is situation ethics?
Normative ethical theory- theory by which we make ethical judgements
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Love is a P________
Predicate in Fletcher's system meaning that it describes action in a situation and is not a thing in itself
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Why did John Robinson's book 'Honest to God' rock the foundations of the church
- It was condemned by traditionalists because he veered away from God as a separate being
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Recall Fletcher's 3 theories of conscience
1) Innate faculty 2) Guidance by Holy Spirit 3) Internalised values of society
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"Faith, hope and love abide"- who wrote this?
St Paul
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"There's only one law giver and judge, the one who is able to save and destroy. But you- who are you to judge your neighbour?"
James 4:12
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"I give you a new commandment, that you love one another"
John at the last supper
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"Love is patient love is kind love isn't envious or boastful or arrogant or rude"
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"The law of love is the ultimate law"
Paul Tillch
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" Thou shall love thy neighbour as thyself"
William Temple
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Is situation ethics compatible with other Christian ethical system?
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Is situation ethics compatible with other Christian ethical systems?
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What did William Barclay argue?
Argued that Fletcher was too positive about human nature
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Which Pope said situation ethics was utterly incompatible with Christianity?
Pope Pius XII
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What does McQuarrie suggest about situation ethics? (Negative)
It is individualistic and is based on specific circumstances therefore it's difficult to see how one could apply it
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Define situationism


Fletcher argues that situation ethics involves doing the most loving thing in a situation

Card 3


Legalism is the view that...


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Two examples of legalist ethical theories are..


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Affectionate love in Greek is


Preview of the front of card 5
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