Sino-Soviet Relations

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1. Why was the alliance a fragile one?

  • Mao was treated as an instrument of Soviet power and the treaty heavily favoured the USSR
  • Khrushchev was treated as an instrument of Chinese power and the treaty heavily favoured the USSR
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2. Why was Mao's Great Leap Forward significant in the deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations?

  • It was a rejection of Soviet economic development with Mao claiming it to be superior to the USSR's 5 year plans
  • It led to The USA and Taiwan signing a Mutual Defense Treaty to guarantee Taiwanese independence, Eisenhower was encouraged to drop nuclear weapons but he refused

3. Why did Mao want Taiwan as part of his China?

  • He wanted to unite the whole of China and he was concerned that the USA could use it as a base if the two countries were ever at war
  • It consolidated the Sino-Soviet friendship and increased China's dependence on the USSR, the war proved China's worth as an ally for Russia
  • It demonstrated the potential power of an alliance between USA and China but at the time this was merely an idea not a practical process

4. How did the personal relationship between Mao and Khrushchev become further strained?

  • During Khrushchev's first visit to China Mao deliberately set out to humiliate him by organising a photo opportunity at a swimming pool, knowing Khrushchev couldn't swim
  • Mao openly snubbed Khrushchev on his second visit to China, the Chinese beat the Russians to the top of Mt. Everest, Khrushchev withdrew the Russian rxpects helping with the Great Leap Forward

5. What was promised in the Treaty?

  • Economic aid for China, Soviet military assistance, restoration of Chinese soverignty over Manchuria
  • Economic aid for USA, Soviet military assistance, restoration of Chinese soverignty over Manchuria

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