Sino-Soviet Relations

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1. What happened during the second bombardment of Taiwan by China in 1958?

  • Khrushchev refused to support China. he attempted to persuade Mao to stop the attack by offering to share the USSR's nuclear secrets but then changed his mind to creating a nuclear free Pacific
  • Khrushchev couldn't be relied upon to advance China's strategic interests, it confirmed Mao's belief that Khrushchev favoured compromise with Capitalism over revolution
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2. How did strategic and military issues play a part in further deterioration of Sino-Soviet realations after 1959?

  • The Sino-Indian Border Conflict exposed important divisions between the USSR and China as Khrushchev publically criticised China's involvement and supported India sending $800 million in aid
  • The Great Leap Forward was publically criticised by Khrushchev,Mao refered to Khrushchev as a revisionist and argued that the announcement of the end of class struggle in Russia was a betrayal of Communism
  • Mao openly snubbed Khrushchev on his second visit to China, the Chinese beat the Russians to the top of Mt. Everest, Khrushchev withdrew the Russian rxpects helping with the Great Leap Forward

3. What was Russia's response to Mao's attempt to take Taiwan?

  • Publically Khrushchev agreed to retaliate against the US but privately he made it clear that he didn't want to be involved
  • The USA and Taiwan signed a Mutual Defense Treaty to guarantee Taiwanese independence, Eisenhower was encouraged to drop nuclear weapons but he refused

4. Why was the war significant for America?

  • It demonstrated the potential power of an alliance between USA and China but at the time this was merely an idea not a practical process
  • He wanted to unite the whole of China and he was concerned that the USA could use it as a base if the two countries were ever at war
  • It consolidated the Sino-Soviet friendship and increased China's dependence on the USSR, the war proved China's worth as an ally for Russia

5. Why did Mao want Taiwan as part of his China?

  • He wanted to unite the whole of China and he was concerned that the USA could use it as a base if the two countries were ever at war
  • It consolidated the Sino-Soviet friendship and increased China's dependence on the USSR, the war proved China's worth as an ally for Russia
  • It demonstrated the potential power of an alliance between USA and China but at the time this was merely an idea not a practical process

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