Sino-Soviet Relations

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1. Why was Mao's Great Leap Forward significant in the deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations?

  • It was a rejection of Soviet economic development with Mao claiming it to be superior to the USSR's 5 year plans
  • It led to The USA and Taiwan signing a Mutual Defense Treaty to guarantee Taiwanese independence, Eisenhower was encouraged to drop nuclear weapons but he refused
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2. Why did Mao want Taiwan as part of his China?

  • He wanted to unite the whole of China and he was concerned that the USA could use it as a base if the two countries were ever at war
  • It consolidated the Sino-Soviet friendship and increased China's dependence on the USSR, the war proved China's worth as an ally for Russia
  • It demonstrated the potential power of an alliance between USA and China but at the time this was merely an idea not a practical process

3. Why was Mao's attempt to take Taiwan in 1954 unsucessful?

  • The response of the two superpowers
  • The response of the three superpowers
  • The response of the four superpowers

4. What was America's response to Mao's attempt to take Taiwan?

  • The USA and Taiwan signed a Mutual Defense Treaty to guarantee Taiwanese independence, Eisenhower was encouraged to drop nuclear weapons but he refused
  • Publically Khrushchev agreed to retaliate against the US but privately he made it clear that he didn't want to be involved

5. Why was the war significant for America?

  • It demonstrated the potential power of an alliance between USA and China but at the time this was merely an idea not a practical process
  • He wanted to unite the whole of China and he was concerned that the USA could use it as a base if the two countries were ever at war
  • It consolidated the Sino-Soviet friendship and increased China's dependence on the USSR, the war proved China's worth as an ally for Russia

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