Single case research

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  • Created by: The Shrew
  • Created on: 17-01-16 20:53
Gustav Fechner
Linking physical sensations to the mind/ large group studies impractical- psychophysics use single case
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Ebbinghaus
Forgetting curve
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Broca
Lesion in frontal lobe- impaired speech- Broca's area
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Nomothetic
Groups/ classes/ broad generalisations/ development trajectories/ Individual differences nuisance factor
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Idiographic
Individual/ rehabilitation/ individual more important than average
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Gordon Allport
Emphasize uniqueness of individuals
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Anterograde
Impairment of memory after trauma/ only LTM affected
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Retrograde
Impairment of memory prior to trauma/ episodic memory affected
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Milner
Patient HM- Anterograde amnesia- intact STM, impaired LTM
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Clive Wearing
Total amnesia- viral encephalitis/ damage to hippocampus- memory lasts 7-30 seconds but procedural memory intact
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Case studies
unit or system/ naturalistic observation, interviews, tests
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Freud
133 case studies
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Rat man
Compulsions about cutting own throat, obsessed father and fiancee would be tortured by rats/ caused by sexual experience in childhood
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Dora
Anxiety and hysteria attacks, dad made sexual advances, jealous of mother
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Wolf man
Severe depression, nightmares about wolves, saw parents having sex
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Skinner
Behaviourism evolved from single case- project pigeon/ teaching machines
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Applied behaviour analysis
ABAB Design- Baseline, intervention, baseline, intervention
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Continuous assessment/ stability of performance
evaluation of change from baseline/ use of different phases
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Data evaluation
Mean and average- compare averages of phases/ level analysis difference between last and first point/ slope trend analysis- measure rate at which changes appear in different phases/ latency- how quickly changes become apparent
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Card 2

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Ebbinghaus

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Forgetting curve

Card 3

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Broca

Back

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Card 4

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Nomothetic

Back

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Card 5

Front

Idiographic

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