Shostakovich String Quartet No 8, first movement

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Cipher
D, Eb, C, B opening cello notes
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Resources
Two violins, viola, cello - no special string effects
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Arch Form
Last two sections are modified repeats of the first two in reverse order
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end of every section?
Marked by a statement of the name motif (except B1)
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A1?
begins with motif
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First symphony quotation?
Violin 1 bar 13
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Fifth Symphony quotation?
violin 1 bar 63
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Motif is?
augmented (bar 79) imitated (opening bars)
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Motif reordered?
Violin 2 bar 68 and viola 95-99- A minor
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Melodic lines are largely conjunct
(stepwise with small jumps)
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Exploits low tessitura of instruments
emphasises gloomy mode
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Textures-
imitative/contrapuntal (opening)
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Two part counterpoint-
Bars 19-22, 46-49
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Pedal notes
bars 28-45 has double pedal notes octave and a fifth apart. bars 50-78 octave pedal.
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Homphony
Bars 23-27
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Homorhythm
bars 79-81
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Duet above pedal notes
bards 52-87
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dynamics-
quiet overall- reflect gloomy mood
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Name motif dynamics
marked louder (bars 23-24)
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Time signature
4/4- slow tempo, metronome mark give a feel of 2/2
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Note values
long. occasional dotted rhythm, largely quavers
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Tonality?
C minor established by main name motif
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Third of chord sometimes omitted
bar 26, perfect cadences used to emphasis c tonal centre (120-124)
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Major third
used instead of expected minor chords
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Tonic dominant pedals
reinforce key
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Chromatic?
Melodic lines (bars 87-89) chromatic scale first seven bars
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Tonality clearer?
bar 26 onwards after statement of main motif in C minor
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A minor?
Brief movement to A minor (Bar 86)
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Last two bars?
Goes against C minor to G sharp enharmonic version of Ab
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Root position triads
appear but counteracted by chromaticism sometimes.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Resources

Back

Two violins, viola, cello - no special string effects

Card 3

Front

Arch Form

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

end of every section?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

A1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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