Short Term Memory

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What is the capacity of STM?
5-9 items
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Who found the capacity of STM and how did he do it?
Miller used the Digit Span Technique where RP's were shown some digits briefly and then recall them later in the right order
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What is the duration of STM?
18 seconds
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Who found the duration of STM and how did they do it?
Peterson and Peterson using trigrams that he briefly showed RP's and then gave them a distraction task to prevent them from rehearsing. They found that after 18 seconds the trigrams were forgotten
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What are the 3 ways information can be encoded?
Iconic, Acoustic and semantic
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How is STM encoded?
Acoustically
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Who found out about the encoding of STM and how he did it?
Baddeley showed volunteers lists of words that either sounded different or similar and found that they could recall the list that sounded different easier than the ones that sounded similar.
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Card 2

Front

Who found the capacity of STM and how did he do it?

Back

Miller used the Digit Span Technique where RP's were shown some digits briefly and then recall them later in the right order

Card 3

Front

What is the duration of STM?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who found the duration of STM and how did they do it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the 3 ways information can be encoded?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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