Sherifs study (Social classic study)

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What was the aim of sherifs study?
To investigate group formation and intergroup relations when introduced to certain situations
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What was the sample?
22 11yearold boys, white, middle class, protestant
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How did the researchers observe?
They posed as the camp staff
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Describe what happened in stage 1 (Group formation)
Group formation- Boys allocated into 2 groups based on athletic and academic ability, both groups were unaware of each other, they did tasks that involved in-group cooperation, they created identity (name and flag) and they rated each other
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Describe stage 2 (Intergroup relations-friction phase)
Fristion phase- Both groups made aware of each other, competition and prizes were introduced, data was gathered about both groups behaviour
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Describe stage 3 (intergroup relations- Integration phase)
Integration phase- activities were introduced to reduce conflict, they and to work together to reach superordinate goals
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What were the results found from stage 1?
Each group formed their own norms and rules, leaders emerged
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What were the results found in stage 2?
Leaders stood out, fighting occurred and the groups got territorial, derogatory terms were directed at the other groups, when asked who their friend was 93% said people from their own group
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What were the realists from stage 3?
Reduced hostility, they mingled better, only when they all had the same goals the hostility was gone, more intergroup friendships were formed
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What is the conclusion to sherifs study?
Strong group identities form when you a group is formed, hostility forms as competition is introduced, hostility can be reduced with superordinate goals
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Generalisability
Cant be generalised, specific group, 11 year old white males, lacks population validity
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Reliability
High reliability, high control, careful sampling of staff observers, followed standardised procedures
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Applicability
Can be applied to real life situations to reduce prejudice, like the immigration crisis ext
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Validity
High validity, px unaware of study due to it being a field experiment, high ecological validity, however low population validity
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Ethics
Px unaware of study, connect not given, protection from harm not being able to see parents?
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the sample?

Back

22 11yearold boys, white, middle class, protestant

Card 3

Front

How did the researchers observe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe what happened in stage 1 (Group formation)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe stage 2 (Intergroup relations-friction phase)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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