Shared music

HideShow resource information
What's a Leid?
A song for or one singer and a piano-the piano tells a story. Popular in Europe in the romantic period
1 of 47
Where do the words of lieder usually come from?
2 of 47
Name two lieder composers
Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin and Wagner
3 of 47
When was the romantic period?
4 of 47
What's an example of a leid song?
The Erl King
5 of 47
Name three well known singer-song writers and the Ballard they've composed
Bob Dylan-blowing in the wind (acoustic guitar) Elton John-Your song (piano, vocals, guitar and strings) Kate Bush-Wuthering Heights (sings in a wailing, ghostly manner)
6 of 47
What structure does a Ballad have?
Verse-chorus structure
7 of 47
Explain what these words mean: a) acapella b) vibrato c) falsetto d) portamento e) riffing
A) no instrument backing B) quivering up and down slightly in pitch C) really high D)sliding from one note to another E)decorating the end of a phrase or bits of the tune
8 of 47
Write down three ways backing singers preform
Could be: In harmony, In unison, Descant (higher part in time with the tune),Call and response
9 of 47
How does the accompaniment complement the voice?
Accompaniment-reflects the theme of the vocals, usually lots of repetition. Voice- the story is the. It's important part of the ballad
10 of 47
How many movements do classical concerto and classical symphony have?
Three. The first movement-sonata form and is brisk and purposeful. The second-ternary or variation form and is slower and song like. The third-rondo, variation or sonata form and is fast and cheerful. Symphonies have 4-minuet/scherzo(fast&dance like)
11 of 47
What are the three phrases of sonata form?
Exposition-two contrasting themes (high/low or min/maj). Development- new harmonies and rhythms are developed (sequences, inversions or pedal notes) Recapitulation- exposition themes are repeated (might be some slight changes)
12 of 47
What's the name of the final section in a sonata?
A coda-a section which concludes and brings the piece to a close
13 of 47
Name two American cities which are famous for Jazz
New Orleans and Chicago
14 of 47
Name two different types of jazz
Cool Jazz, Soul Jazz
15 of 47
Name three different jazz instruments
Trumpets, trombone and clarinets
16 of 47
What's improvisation?
Where a soloist makes up music on the spot
17 of 47
What's the 12-bar blues?
A 12 bar chord sequence that was used in early jazz music (still used in some pop songs)
18 of 47
Name a composer for Dixieland Jazz and the name of the song they composed
Louis Armstrong- Basin Street Blues (in the verses the trombone&clarinet play counter melodies around Louis' main tune)
19 of 47
When did Jazz popular?
In the late 19th century-early 20th century
20 of 47
What's a raga?
A set of notes (usually between 5&8) combined to give a certain mood
21 of 47
Name three main instruments used in Indian classical music
Sitar-stringed instrument usually 5/7plucked and 2/7 create drone notes. Tambura-4 metal strings. Tabla-pair of drums.
22 of 47
Name and describe the sections of a typical raga performance
The alap- the sitar player intros duces the notes of the chosen raga (no beat) The Jhor-music speeds up, steady beat is added. The jhala- loads faster. The Gat-tabla player comes in
23 of 47
Where does gamelan music come from?
Indonesia (Islands called Java and Bali)
24 of 47
What are the two types of scale Gamelan music is based on?
1) the five note gamelan scale is called Slendro-five notes are spread evenly throughout an octave. 2) the seven note gamelan scale is called Pelog-often only 5/7 of the notes are used.
25 of 47
What's the main tune of gamelan music called?
Balungan or Pokok
26 of 47
What's the name of the biggest gong?
Gong ageng-plays on the last beat of the cycle
27 of 47
What marks the rhythm in gamelan music?
The gongs
28 of 47
Are you more likely to hear a harpsichord in a baroque composition or a classical concerto?
A baroque composition
29 of 47
What era was baroque music around?
30 of 47
What was introduced during the baroque period?
Minor and major scales, modulation (switching between kets) new structures-binery, ternary, rondo and variation forms.
31 of 47
What are the recognisable instruments used in baroque compositions?
Harpsichord, flute, recorder, oboe, bassoon, organ and strings.
32 of 47
Name the instruments in: a) string quartet. b) a piano trio
a) violin, viola, cella. b) piano, violin, cello
33 of 47
How many sections does binary form have?
Two section- each section is repeated but both parts sound different (AABB)
34 of 47
How many sections does ternary form have?
Three sections-each section is repeated AABBAA
35 of 47
Give three ways of varying a theme
1) adding notes/ornaments to original tune 2) removing notes 3) changing the metre e.g. from 2/4 to 3/4
36 of 47
Explain how you use each of these to vary a melody: a) melodic inversion b)retrograde c)retrograde inversion d)sequence e) imitation
A)turning the tune upside down, makes melody sound different. B)playing tune backwards. C) repeating a pattern but varying the pitch. D) repeat phrase with slight change. E) keep one pattern the same, Change the rest
37 of 47
Name 3 of the baroque and classical melody patterns
1) trill-lots of tiny notes (baroque-note above written note. Classical-starts on written note and goes down to note below) 2)Appoggiaturas clash with chord- an appoggiatura clashes with accompanying chord. 3)passing notes-link the notes before&after
38 of 47
What are the main differences between an opera and an oratorio?
Operas are musical theatre and oratorios are solely concert pieces. Opera told love stories however oratorios told bible stories and were sacred.
39 of 47
What are the four main voices in a mixed sex choir?
Treble- a boy soprano, Countertenor/ alto, Falsetto, Tenor- really low (male voice)
40 of 47
Describe the words: a) melismatic b) syllabic c) word-painting
A) a singe syllable of text sung over a series of notes B) relating to or based or syllables C) where the music matches the words
41 of 47
When was choral singing popular?
20th and 21st century
42 of 47
Name two 20th century English choral composers and name their most famous piece
Sir John Tavener-'Song for Athene'. Karl Jenkins- Requiem
43 of 47
Who wrote Carmina Burana?
Carl Orff
44 of 47
What type of music does Carl Rutter write?
Choral pieces such as-hymns, carold and anthems
45 of 47
Who wrote Adiemus?
Karl Jenkins
46 of 47
Describe the main difference between Mbube and Isicathamiya singing
Mbube is loud and powerful (lion) and isicathamiya is quieter and gentle (tip-toe)
47 of 47

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Where do the words of lieder usually come from?



Card 3


Name two lieder composers


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


When was the romantic period?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What's an example of a leid song?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »See all Shared music resources »