Sex and gender

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  • Created by: Sasha
  • Created on: 28-05-13 18:43
What is modelling?
A role model provides an exaple for the child.
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What is imitation?
Copying the behaviour of a model.
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What is vicarious reinforcement?
Learning from the model's being either rewarded or being punished.
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What are gender stereotypes?
Believing that all males are similar and all females are similar.
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What is a gender schema?
A metal building block of knowledge that contains infrormation about each gender.
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What is a gender role?
Behaviour seen as masculine or feminine by a particular culture.
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What does highly gender schematised mean?
Where gender is an important way of thinking about the world so information is organised according to what is gender appropriate and what is gender inappropriate.
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What is sex identity?
A biological term. A child's sex can be identified by their hormones and chromosomes. This determines whether the child's sex identity is male or female.
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What is gender identity?
A psychological term. A child's gender can be identified by their attitudes and behaviour. This determines whether the child's gender is masculine or feminine.
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What is the phallic stage?
Freud's third stage of psychosexual development, in which gender development is takes place.
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What is identification?
To adopt the attitudes and behaviour of the same the same-sex parent.
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What is the oedipus complex?
The conflict experienced by a boy in the phallic stage because he unconsciously his mother and father.
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What is the electra complex?
The conflict experienced a girl because she unconsciously desires her father and is afraid of losing her mother's love.
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What is gender disturbance?
Not developing the gender identity usually associated with ones sex.
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Freud investigated the psychodynamic theory of gender development, what was his aim?
To investigate Little Hans' phobia.
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Rekers and Moray investigated gender disturbance, what was their method?q
Researchers rated 46 boys with gender disturbance for gender identity. Their family background was a
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Perry and Bussey investigated social learning of gender development, what was their aim?
To show that children imitate behaviour carried out by same-sex role models.
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Martin investigated gender schema of gender development, what was his aim?
To show that children's understanding of gender becomes less stereotyped and therefore more flexible as they get older.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is imitation?

Back

Copying the behaviour of a model.

Card 3

Front

What is vicarious reinforcement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are gender stereotypes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a gender schema?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

MrsMacLean

A very useful set of 18 flash cards which cover Freud, Social Learning and Gender/Sex Identity.

andrewdingwall

AAAmmmaazing

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