Settlement Site, Function and Hierarchy

Settlements
Places where people live
1 of 18
Site
Land that the settlement is built on
2 of 18
Situation/ Location
Where the settlement is in relation to its surroundings
3 of 18
Wet Point Site
The spot where it is close to a supply of water
4 of 18
Defensive Site
The spot which is easy to defend from attackers
5 of 18
Bridging Point
The spot where it is easy to cross a river
6 of 18
Settlement Hierarchy
Rank the importance of places within a particular area
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Low Order of Goods and Services
Goods and services that are usually bought or used everyday
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Middle Order of Goods and Services
Goods and services that are bought monthly or fortnightly basis
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High Order of Goods and Services
Goods and services only bought or used rarely
10 of 18
Range
The distance people are willing to travel to buy or use it
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Sphere of Influence
Served by a particular place, depending on the size and services of a town
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Threshold
The number of people that are needed to ensure that there is enough demand for a particular service
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Function
The main activities , services and jobs provided in a settlement for its population and visitors
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CBD
Central Business District. The major shopping and commercial area of a town or city. Commonly known as the town or city centre
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Inner City
A residential area around the CBD which is characterised by high population density, urban decay and dereliction
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Suburbs
A residential area found at the edge of settlements characterised by detached homes and low population densities
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Rural-Urban Fringe
The area which forms the boundary between the town/ city and the countryside
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Land that the settlement is built on

Back

Site

Card 3

Front

Where the settlement is in relation to its surroundings

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The spot where it is close to a supply of water

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The spot which is easy to defend from attackers

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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