Self Efficacy and Agency

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Who developed this theory?
Bandura, 1986
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What does self efficacy mean?
it means believing in personal competence and achieving desired outcomes
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What does self agency mean?
it means having the ability to make intentional choices and execute plans and actions
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What are the four sources of self efficacy?
mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, social persuasion and physiological and emotional arousal
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What does mastery experiences mean?
direct success increases efficacy. provide challenging but achieveable tasks to engage students
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What does vicarious experiences mean?
observing others successfully will give an individual more confidence. allow group work and observation of peers
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What does social persuasion mean?
Allow a pep talks and give meaningful feedback
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What does physiological and emotional arousal mean?
some thrive on anxiety and some don't. try to keep environment calm and relaxed, by encouraging and reassuring students
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What does greater efficacy lead to?
greater self-esteem, effort, higher goals and finding new strategies
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What does lower efficacy lead to?
task avoidance and giving up easily or in face of failure
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What can teachers do to increase self efficacy?
believe in and support students whilst praising them
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Card 2

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What does self efficacy mean?

Back

it means believing in personal competence and achieving desired outcomes

Card 3

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What does self agency mean?

Back

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Card 4

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What are the four sources of self efficacy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does mastery experiences mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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