Self-efficacy (Bandura)

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What was the aim of Bandura's research?
To assess the self-efficacy of patients undergoing systematic desensitisation in relation to their behaviour with previously phobic objects.
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Describe the methodology of Bandura's research?
A quasi experiment - quasi because the participants already had a phobia of snakes.
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Who were the participants in Bandura's research?
10 snake phobic patients who replied to an advertisement in a local newspaper. 9 females and 1 male aged 19 to 57.
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What was the procedure for Bandura's research pre-test?
Pre-test assessment where participants tested for avoidance behaviour towards a boa constrictor. Fear arousal measured on an oral rating of 1-10.
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What was also measured before they completed the activities?
Efficacy expectations (how much they thought they would be able to complete tasks) was also measured.
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What was the main procedure in Bandura's research?
A systematic desensitisation programme was followed. Participants introduced to a series of event involving snakes and were taught relaxation at each stage.
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What were the activities like in Bandura's study that participants had to complete?
Ranged from looking at pictures of snakes to handling live snakes.
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What happened after the main activities?
Post-test assessments were carried out on self-efficacy and coping.
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What were the findings?
High post-test levels of self-efficacy correlated with higher levels of interaction with snakes.
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What conclusions were drawn from Bandura's research?
Desensitisation enhanced self-efficacy levels which led to a belief that the participant was able to cope with their phobia of snakes.
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Card 2

Front

Describe the methodology of Bandura's research?

Back

A quasi experiment - quasi because the participants already had a phobia of snakes.

Card 3

Front

Who were the participants in Bandura's research?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the procedure for Bandura's research pre-test?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was also measured before they completed the activities?

Back

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