Seleucids

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  • Created by: Lozzabxo
  • Created on: 14-05-16 18:51
What was Seleucus I's relationship with Alexander?
Commander of companion cavalry
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Which region to Seleucus I recieve?
Babylonia- but not content so began expanding east and west
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What happened at the meeting at Triparadisus 321BC?
Antigonus forced Seleucus to flee Babylon- he only returned in 312BC with Ptolemaic support.
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What iconography did he place on his coinage?
Coins= continuity with ATG because his was a well-established currency, accepted by many. Athena on quadriga of elephants, anchor, own portrait= Panther skin- link to Dionysus, no legend.
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Who did Antiochus I claim descent from?
Apollo (Appian details story of Seleucus I's mum being seduced by Apollo in a dream, left a stone with an anchor on, found the next day, Seleucus born with anchor on thigh
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It what year did Antiochus I win his famous victory against the Gauls in Anatolia?
278 BC, earned him the title 'soter'
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What evidence do we have for colonisation?
Appian- 16 Antiochs, 5 Laediceas, 9 Seleucias, 3 Apamaeas
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Why was colonisation beneficial for the Seleucids?
draw men from mainland Greece and Macedon to supply Seleucid Phalanx, expand empire, pockets of loyalty, potential to increase local markets, BUT potential displacement of locals
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What cultural policy did the Seleucids have to implement?
Code-switching/ Bi-culturality- due to empire= vast (Appian)
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What was found at Tel-Kedesh?
2000 bullae at admin centre, mostly portraiture
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Why is Ai-Khanoum a strategically placed colony?
Road leading to fertile plain and opens trade to China
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Which three groups composed Ai-Khanoum civic identity?
Greeks, local elite, local farmers
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What are the distinctive features of Ai-Khanoum?
2 suburbs, gymnasium, Greek names occupying civic positions, Greek Theatre (35 rows- seats 4000-6000), Greco-Bactrian palace, temple of local build (bricks/ flat roof) but gods with Greek names, Acrolith style statues, votive offering to Cybele
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In what year did Judaea come under Seleucid control?
198 BC
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Why was the figure of Jason so problematic for the Jews?
Risen to power by corruption- promised Antiochus IV £££ and gymnasium, consequently the priests become less concerned with their duty and more interested in hurrying to the gymnasium
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which region to Seleucus I recieve?

Back

Babylonia- but not content so began expanding east and west

Card 3

Front

What happened at the meeting at Triparadisus 321BC?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What iconography did he place on his coinage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who did Antiochus I claim descent from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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